+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Familiarity influences on direct and indirect associative memory for objects in scenes

Familiarity influences on direct and indirect associative memory for objects in scenes

Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology 71(2): 471-482

Remembering arbitrary associations, such as unrelated word pairs or object-background pairs, appears to depend on recollection. However, for cases in which the components of an association share pre-existing semantic relations, can familiarity support associative recognition? In two experiments with congruent object-background pairings, we found that participants were successful at direct and indirect associative recognition in both 1000 ms time restriction (speeded) and unlimited response time (non-speeded) test conditions. Because dual-process theory postulates that familiarity is less impacted by speeded responses, relative to recollection, these findings suggest that congruent object-background associations may not necessitate recollection when an arbitrary link is not constructed at encoding. Experiment 3 compared direct associative memory for congruent and incongruent object-background pairs in speeded and non-speeded test conditions. We found that participants in the non-speeded condition performed comparably with congruent and incongruent pairs, whereas those in the speeded condition performed significantly worse on the incongruent pairs than on the congruent pairs. Together, these findings suggest a differential role of familiarity and recollection depending on the types of associations. Implications for dual-process recognition memory models and levels of unitization framework are discussed.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 057863505

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 27801615

DOI: 10.1080/17470218.2016.1255768

Related references

False recognition of objects in visual scenes: findings from a combined direct and indirect memory test. Memory and Cognition 41(1): 60-68, 2013

Familiarity with scenes but not individual objects enhances visual short-term memory. Society for Neuroscience Abstracts 27(1): 1113, 2001

When does repeated search in scenes involve memory? Looking at versus looking for objects in scenes. Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance 38(1): 23-41, 2012

Scenes facilitate associative memory and integration. Learning & Memory 26(7): 252-261, 2019

The contribution of familiarity to associative memory in amnesia. Neuropsychologia 44(10): 1859-1865, 2006

Associative and familiarity-based effects of environmental context on memory. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology 66(2): 81-89, 2012

Incidental visual memory for objects in scenes. Visual Cognition 12(6): 1017-1040, 2005

Eye movements serialize memory for objects in scenes. Perception & Psychophysics 67(4): 676-690, 2005

Four types of novelty-familiarity responses in associative recognition memory of humans. European Journal of Neuroscience 19(5): 1408-1416, 2004

Addition and deletion of objects on memory for composition of scenes. Psychological Reports 82(3 Pt 2): 1203-1219, 1998

Developmental changes in recognition memory for pictures of objects and scenes. Developmental Psychology 13(4): 337-341, 1977

The contribution of familiarity to within- and between-domain associative recognition memory: Use of a modified remember/know procedure. European Journal of Cognitive Psychology 22(6): 922-943, 2010

Recognition memory ROCs for item and associative information: the contribution of recollection and familiarity. Memory and Cognition 25(6): 747-763, 1998

The effects of item familiarity on the neural correlates of successful associative memory encoding. Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience 15(4): 889-900, 2016

Recognition memory ROCs for item and associative information: The contribution of recollection and familiarity. Memory & Cognition 25(6): 747-763, 1997