+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Family functioning mediates the association between parental depression and low self-esteem in adolescents



Family functioning mediates the association between parental depression and low self-esteem in adolescents



Journal of Affective Disorders 203: 184-189



The negative impact of parental depression on offsprings' development has been repeatedly documented. There is however little research on the potential pathways contributing to this association. The present study examined the relationship between parental depressive disorders, family functioning and adolescents' self-esteem. A community-based sample of 1040 participants aged 14-17 years and their parents was assessed including direct and indirect information on parental psychopathology based on the Munich-Composite International Diagnostic Interview (M-CIDI). Family functioning and youth self-esteem were assessed by self-report questionnaires using the McMaster Family Assessment Device (FAD) in parents and the "Aussagen-Liste zum Selbstwertgefühl" in adolescents. Findings from multiple regression analyses indicated positive associations between parental depressive disorders and dimensions of dysfunctional family functioning as well as between dysfunctional familial affective involvement and youth's positive self-esteem. The relationship between parental depression and self-esteem was partly mediated by familial affective involvement. Associations may be underestimated, since incidence for depressive disorders spans to the third decade of life. Consensus diagnoses for parental depressive disorders were based on direct and indirect information for maximum use of available data, neglecting familial load, chronicity of parental depressive disorders or comorbid conditions. Thus, specificity of the findings for the family transmission of depressive disorders remains yet to be determined. Findings contribute to understanding of the pathways on how parental depression impairs offsprings' view of themselves, and to consider family functioning as a possible target for preventive interventions.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 057864083

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 27295375

DOI: 10.1016/j.jad.2016.06.008


Related references

Depression and its association with self-esteem, family, peer and school factors in a population of 9586 adolescents in southern Taiwan. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences 62(4): 412-420, 2008

Self-functioning and perceived parenting: relations of parental empathy and love inconsistency with narcissism, depression, and self-esteem. Journal of Genetic Psychology 169(1): 51-71, 2008

The impact of parental alcoholism on self-esteem and depression among African-American adolescents. Alcoholism Clinical & Experimental Research 23(5 Suppl. ): 37A, 1999

Effects of parental marital status, income, and family functioning on African American adolescent self-esteem. Journal of Family Psychology 43) 14(3): 475-490, 2000

Family functioning, self-esteem and substance use in adolescents: a mediational model. Salud Publica de Mexico 49(1): 3-10, 2007

Association of parental self-esteem and expectations with adolescents' anxiety about career and education. Psychological Reports 96(3 Pt 1): 569-578, 2005

Self esteem, depression, behaviour and family functioning in sexually abused children. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines 36(6): 1077-1089, 1995

Parental divorce and depression in young adulthood: Adolescents' closeness to parents and self-esteem as mediating factor. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica 93(1): 20-26, 1996

Relationships of family functioning, self-esteem, and resourceful coping of Thai adolescents with asthma. Issues in Mental Health Nursing 28(1): 21-36, 2006

Family functioning and Internet addiction among Chinese adolescents: The mediating roles of self-esteem and loneliness. Computers in Human Behavior 76: 201-210, 2017

Family Functioning Mediates the Association Between Neurocognitive Functioning and Health-Related Quality of Life in Young Adult Survivors of Childhood Brain Tumors. Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology 4(1): 18-25, 2016

Self-esteem and symptoms of depression in children with seizures: relationships with neuropsychological functioning and family variables over time. Epilepsia 51(10): 2074-2083, 2010

The role of family functioning and self-esteem in the quality of life of adolescents referred for psychiatric services: a 3-year follow-up. Quality of Life Research 2019, 2019

Suicide-bereaved children and adolescents: II. Parental and family functioning. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 39(4): 437-444, 2000

Gender differences in subjective well-being, self-esteem and psychosocial functioning in adolescents with symptoms of anxiety and depression: findings from the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology 52(3): 261-267, 2011