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Fluorescence assays for monitoring RNA-ligand interactions and riboswitch-targeted drug discovery screening

Fluorescence assays for monitoring RNA-ligand interactions and riboswitch-targeted drug discovery screening

Methods in Enzymology 550: 363-383

Riboswitches and other noncoding regulatory RNA are intriguing targets for the development of therapeutic agents. A significant challenge in the drug discovery process, however, is the identification of potent compounds that bind the target RNA specifically and disrupt its function. Essential to this process is an effectively designed cascade of screening assays. A screening cascade for identifying compounds that target the T box riboswitch antiterminator element is described. In the primary assays, moderate to higher throughput screening of compound libraries is achieved by combining the sensitivity of fluorescence techniques with functionally relevant assays. Active compounds are then validated and the binding to target RNA further characterized in secondary assays. The cascade of assays monitor ligand-induced changes in the steady-state fluorescence of an attached dye or internally incorporated 2-aminopurine; the fluorescence anisotropy of an RNA complex; and, the thermal denaturation fluorescence profile of a fluorophore-quencher labeled RNA. While the assays described have been developed for T box riboswitch-targeted drug discovery, the fluorescence methods and screening cascade design principles can be applied to drug discovery efforts targeted toward other medicinally relevant noncoding RNA.

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Accession: 057887258

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 25605395

DOI: 10.1016/bs.mie.2014.10.040

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