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From membrane tension to channel gating: A principal energy transfer mechanism for mechanosensitive channels



From membrane tension to channel gating: A principal energy transfer mechanism for mechanosensitive channels



Protein Science 25(11): 1954-1964



Mechanosensitive (MS) channels are evolutionarily conserved membrane proteins that play essential roles in multiple cellular processes, including sensing mechanical forces and regulating osmotic pressure. Bacterial MscL and MscS are two prototypes of MS channels. Numerous structural studies, in combination with biochemical and cellular data, provide valuable insights into the mechanism of energy transfer from membrane tension to gating of the channel. We discuss these data in a unified two-state model of thermodynamics. In addition, we propose a lipid diffusion-mediated mechanism to explain the adaptation phenomenon of MscS.

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Accession: 057903331

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PMID: 27530280

DOI: 10.1002/pro.3017


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