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Functional Aortic Root Parameters and Expression of Aortopathy in Bicuspid Versus Tricuspid Aortic Valve Stenosis



Functional Aortic Root Parameters and Expression of Aortopathy in Bicuspid Versus Tricuspid Aortic Valve Stenosis



Journal of the American College of Cardiology 67(15): 1786-1796



The correlation between bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) disease and aortopathy is not fully defined. This study aimed to prospectively analyze the correlation between functional parameters of the aortic root and expression of aortopathy in patients undergoing surgery for BAV versus tricuspid aortic valve (TAV) stenosis. From January 1, 2012 through December 31, 2014, 190 consecutive patients (63 ± 8 years, 67% male) underwent aortic valve replacement ± proximal aortic surgery for BAV stenosis (n = 137, BAV group) and TAV stenosis (n = 53, TAV group). All patients underwent pre-operative cardiac magnetic resonance imaging to evaluate morphological/functional parameters of the aortic root. Aortic tissue was sampled during surgery on the basis of the location of eccentric blood flow contact with the aortic wall, as determined by cardiac magnetic resonance (i.e., jet sample and control sample). Aortic wall lesions were graded using a histological sum score (0 to 21). The largest cross-sectional aortic diameters were at the mid-ascending level in both groups and were larger in BAV patients (40.2 ± 7.2 mm vs. 36.6 ± 3.3 mm, respectively, p < 0.001). The histological sum score was 2.9 ± 1.4 in the BAV group versus 3.4 ± 2.6 in the TAV group (p = 0.4). The correlation was linear and comparable between the maximum indexed aortic diameter and the angle between the left ventricular outflow axis and aortic root (left ventricle/aorta angle) in both groups (BAV group: r = 0.6, p < 0.001 vs. TAV group r = 0.45, p = 0.03, z = 1.26, p = 0.2). Logistic regression identified the left ventricle/aorta angle as an indicator of indexed aortic diameter >22 mm/m(2) (odds ratio: 1.2; p < 0.001). Comparable correlation patterns between functional aortic root parameters and expression of aortopathy are found in patients with BAV versus TAV stenosis.

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Accession: 057907373

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 27081018

DOI: 10.1016/j.jacc.2016.02.015


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