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Gallstone ileus without bilioenteric fistula years after bypass surgery for Crohn's disease. Case report and clues to etiology of a neglected cause of obstruction



Gallstone ileus without bilioenteric fistula years after bypass surgery for Crohn's disease. Case report and clues to etiology of a neglected cause of obstruction



International Journal of Surgery Case Reports 9: 134-138



Gallstone ileus is a very rare cause of bowel obstruction. Patients suffering from Crohn's disease are at increased risk of developing gallstone disease, especially when terminal ileum is involved. Gallstone ileus can occur, but etiology remains controversial. We report on a case of such a rare condition, illustrating etiology and treatments. A patient with long-standing Crohn's disease, who had undergone ileotransverse bypass for ileocaecal involvement 40 years before, presented with cramp-like abdominal pain. Imaging was consistent with a gallstone ileus with no evidence of bilioenteric fistulae. At surgery, we found gallstones stuck at the site of ileotransverse anastomosis. No bilioenteric fistulae were found. Due to disease progression, many enteric fistulae were found, requiring a massive bowel resection. The diverted segment may have been responsible of gallstone formation, and etiology is discussed. Recovery after surgery was uneventful, but the patient required continued nutritional support. Physicians dealing with Crohn's disease patients with bypassed segments should keep in mind, the increased risk of gallstone formation, in order to not overlook gallstone ileus. Early suspect and diagnosis may allow for less aggressive approaches. A diverted segment should always be removed, and long-term follow-up encouraged.

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Accession: 057917408

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 25770438

DOI: 10.1016/j.ijscr.2015.03.004


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