+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Go-getters and procrastinators: Investigating individual differences in visual cognition across university semesters

Go-getters and procrastinators: Investigating individual differences in visual cognition across university semesters

Vision Research 141: 317-324

University-based psychological research typically relies on the participation of undergraduate students for data collection. Using this particular sample brings with it several possible issues, including the self-scheduling done by the participants. Research on performance between students who sign up early versus late in the semester has been inconsistent. Some research report benefits for early participant semesters, while others find no differences between the two groups. Anecdotally, it seems that the former holds true, as many researchers worry about the data collected late in the semester, sometimes opting for more motivated earlier participants in the next semester. The purpose of our study was to examine for the effect of time of semester across a well-known set of visual cognition tasks. To do so, participants completed canonical versions of a rapid serial visual presentation task, a flanker task, an additional singleton paradigm task, a multiple object tracking task and a visual working memory task. These tasks were chosen as typical measures of executive control, temporal selectivity, visual working memory capacity, resistance to distraction, and attentional capacity. Crucially, we correlated task performance with time of semester students chose to participate. Our results demonstrate that there were no significant differences in any of the tasks across semester timing. Furthermore, our findings support the validity of cognitive research relying on the system of recruiting undergraduate students from volunteer pools where students can self-select the time of the semester they undertake the experiments.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 057949213

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 27664352

DOI: 10.1016/j.visres.2016.09.007

Related references

Verbal and visual cognition: Individual differences in the lab, in the brain, and in the classroom. Developmental Neuropsychology 42(7-8): 507-520, 2018

Gaze cueing of attention: visual attention, social cognition, and individual differences. Psychological Bulletin 133(4): 694-724, 2007

Where am I? Who am I? The Relation Between Spatial Cognition, Social Cognition and Individual Differences in the Built Environment. Frontiers in Psychology 7: 64, 2016

Investigating visual perception and cognition in chimpanzees through visual search and related tasks From basic to complex processes. Matsuzawa, T Primate origins of human cognition and behavior 55-86, 2001

Investigating inter-individual differences in short-term intra-individual variability. Psychological Methods 17(4): 567-581, 2013

Modeling individual differences in cognition. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review 12(4): 605-621, 2006

Individual differences in cognition and personality. Behavioural Processes 134: 1-3, 2016

Individual differences in cognition among teleost fishes. Behavioural Processes 141(Pt 2): 184-195, 2017

Individual differences in infant spatial cognition. Colombo, J And J Fagen (Ed ) Individual Differences in Infancy: Reliability, Stability, Prediction Xi+484p Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc , Publishers: Hillsdale, New Jersey, Usa; Hove, England, Uk Illus Maps 321-340, 1990

Measuring and understanding individual differences in cognition. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences 373(1756), 2018

You ≠ me: individual differences in the structure of social cognition. Psychological Research 2018, 2018

Psychobiology and cognition an individual differences model. Strelau, J , F H Farley And A Gale (Ed ) Series in Clinical And Community Psychology The Biological Bases Of Personality And Behavior, Vol 1 Theories, Measurement Techniques, And Development Xv+259p Hemisphere Publishing Corporation: New York, N Y , Usa; London, England (Dist Outside The United States By Mcgraw-Hill International Book Co : Auckland, New Zealand; Bogota, Colombia) Illus 61-74, 1985

Investigating Effects of Sex Differences and Prior Concussions on Symptom Reporting and Cognition Among Adolescent Soccer Players. American Journal of Sports Medicine 46(4): 961-968, 2018

Psittacine cognition: Individual differences and sources of variation. Behavioural Processes 134: 103-109, 2016

Individual differences in cognition some relationships between personality and memory. Journal of Research in Personality 9(3): 217-225, 1975