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Impaired Tilt Suppression of Post-Rotatory Nystagmus and Cross-Coupled Head-Shaking Nystagmus in Cerebellar Lesions: Image Mapping Study

Impaired Tilt Suppression of Post-Rotatory Nystagmus and Cross-Coupled Head-Shaking Nystagmus in Cerebellar Lesions: Image Mapping Study

Cerebellum 16(1): 95-102

We sought to determine the cerebellar structures responsible for tilt suppression of post-rotatory nystagmus. We investigated ocular motor findings and MRI lesions in 73 patients with isolated cerebellar lesions who underwent recording of the vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR) using rotatory chair tests. Tilt suppression of post-rotatory nystagmus was diminished in 27 patients (27/73, 37.0 %). The gains of the VOR and the TCs of per- and post-rotatory nystagmus did not differ between the patients with diminished and with normal tilt suppression. The patients with impaired tilt suppression showed perverted ("cross-coupled") head-shaking nystagmus (pHSN) and central positional nystagmus (CPN) more frequently than those with normal responses. Tilt suppression was impaired in five (71.4 %) of the seven patients with isolated nodulus and uvular infarction. Probabilistic lesion-mapping analysis showed that the nodulus and uvula are responsible for tilt suppression. Impaired tilt suppression may be ascribed to disruption of cerebellar contribution to the vestibular velocity-storage mechanism, which integrates information from the semicircular canals and otolith organs to help derive the brain's estimate of the head orientation relative to the pull of gravity.

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Accession: 058065473

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PMID: 26969184

DOI: 10.1007/s12311-016-0772-2

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