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Development of a modeling pipeline for the prediction of hemodynamic outcome after virtual mitral valve repair using image-based CFD



Development of a modeling pipeline for the prediction of hemodynamic outcome after virtual mitral valve repair using image-based CFD



International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery 2018



Severe mitral valve regurgitation can either be treated by a replacement or a repair of the valve. The latter is recommended due to lower perioperative mortality and better long-term survival. On the other hand, recurrence rates after mitral valve repair are high compared to those after replacements and the repair intervention can cause induced mitral valve stenosis. So far, there are no methods to predict the hemodynamic outcome of a chosen treatment or to compare different treatment options in advance. To overcome this, diastolic mitral valve hemodynamics are simulated using computational fluid dynamics after different virtual treatments of the valve. The left ventricular geometry of one patient was reconstructed using trans-esophageal echocardiography and computed tomography data. Pre-op hemodynamics are simulated using a referenced wall model to avoid expansive modeling of wall motion. Subsequently, the flow structures are compared to in vivo measurements. After manipulating the patient-specific geometry in order to mimic a restrictive mitral annuloplasty as well as a MitraClip intervention, hemodynamics results are calculated. Good agreements exist between calculated pre-op hemodynamics and in vivo measurements. The virtual annuloplasty did not result in any remarkable change of hemodynamics. Neither the pressure drop nor the velocity field showed strong differences. In contrast, the virtual MitraClip intervention led to a complete change in blood flow structures as well as an elevated pressure drop across the valve. The presented approach allows fast simulation of the diastolic hemodynamic situation before and after treatment of a mitral valve insufficiency. However, this approach is limited to the early diastolic phase of the cardiac cycle and needs to be validated using a larger sample size.

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Accession: 058078541

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 30008058

DOI: 10.1007/s11548-018-1821-8


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