+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Influence of extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields on growth performance, innate immune response, biochemical parameters and disease resistance in rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss



Influence of extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields on growth performance, innate immune response, biochemical parameters and disease resistance in rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss



Fish Physiology and Biochemistry 41(3): 721-731



The effects of extremely low frequency electromagnetic fields on rainbow trout growth performance, innate immunity and biochemical parameters were studied. Rainbow trout (17-18 g) were exposed to electromagnetic fields (15 Hz) at 0.01, 0.1, 0.5, 5 and 50 µT, for 1 h daily over period of 60 days. Growth performance of fish improved in different treatment groups, especially at 0.1, 0.5, 5 and 50 µT. Immunological parameters, specifically hemagglutinating titer, total antiprotease and α1-antiprotease levels in treatment groups, were also enhanced. Total protein and globulin contents in the serum of fish exposed to 0.1, 0.5, 5 and 50 µT were significantly higher than those in the control group. No significant differences were found in serum enzyme activities, namely aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase of fish in all treatment groups. Conversely, alkaline phosphatase level decreased in fish exposed to 0.01 and 50 µT electromagnetic fields. Meanwhile, electromagnetic induction at 0.1, 0.5, 5 and 50 µT enhanced fish protection against Yersinia ruckeri. These results indicated that these specific electromagnetic fields had possible effects on growth performance, nonspecific immunity and disease resistance of rainbow trout.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 058111997

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 25869215

DOI: 10.1007/s10695-015-0041-1


Related references

Modulation of innate immune response, mucosal parameters and disease resistance in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) upon synbiotic feeding. Fish and Shellfish Immunology 45(1): 27-32, 2015

Dietary administration of beta-mercapto-ethanol treated Saccharomyces cerevisiae enhanced the growth, innate immune response and disease resistance of the rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss. Fish and Shellfish Immunology 30(3): 923-928, 2011

The effects of dietary Immunogen on innate immune response, immune related genes expression and disease resistance of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Fish and Shellfish Immunology 37(2): 209-214, 2014

Effects of dietary supplementation with Stachys lavandulifolia Vahl extract on growth performance, hemato-biochemical and innate immunity parameters of rainbow trout ( Oncorhynchus mykiss ). Animal Feed Science and Technology 237: 98-105, 2018

Dietary effects of Coriandrum sativum extract on growth performance, physiological and innate immune responses and resistance of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) against Yersinia ruckeri. Fish and Shellfish Immunology 91: 233-240, 2019

Influence of nanochitosan/zeolite composite on growth performance, digestive enzymes and serum biochemical parameters in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Aquaculture Research 48(12): 5955-5964, 2017

Growth performance, intestinal histology, and biochemical parameters of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) in response to dietary inclusion of heat-killed Gordonia bronchialis. Fish Physiology and Biochemistry 42(1): 65-71, 2016

Dietary fermentable fiber upregulated immune related genes expression, increased innate immune response and resistance of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) against Aeromonas hydrophila. Fish and Shellfish Immunology 41(2): 326-331, 2014

Effects of Panax ginseng extract in practical diets for rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) on growth performance, immune response and resistance to Yersinia ruckeri. Aquaculture Research 48(5): 2369-2379, 2017

Effects of Saccharomyces cerevisiae supplementation on immune response, hematological parameters, body composition and disease resistance in rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum, 1792). Journal of Applied Ichthyology 30(1): 55-61, 2014

Evaluation of dietary natural mineral materials as an antibiotic replacer on growth performance, non-specific immune responses and disease resistance in rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss. Aquaculture Research 48(9): 4735-4747, 2017

Effect of ethanolic extract of propolis on growth performance and plasma biochemical parameters of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Fish Physiology and Biochemistry 37(4): 959-967, 2011

Effect of dietary inclusion of lysozyme on growth performance and plasma biochemical parameters of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. Aquaculture Nutrition 18(3): 332-339, 2012

The effect of seasonality on normal haematological and innate immune parameters of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss L. Fish and Shellfish Immunology 25(6): 791-799, 2008

Effects of nanostructured zeolite and aflatoxin B1 in growth performance, immune parameters and pathological conditions of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss. Fish and Shellfish Immunology 70: 648-655, 2017