Section 59
Chapter 58,136

Interactions between candidate probiotics and the immune and antioxidative responses of European sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) larvae

Lamari, F.; Mahdhi, A.; Chakroun, I.; Esteban, M.A.; Mazurais, D.; Amina, B.; Gatesoupe, F.-J.

Journal of Fish Diseases 39(12): 1421-1432


ISSN/ISBN: 1365-2761
PMID: 27133829
DOI: 10.1111/jfd.12479
Accession: 058135593

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The use of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) as probiotics in aquaculture may improve the quality of seed production and limit the use of antibiotics in fish hatcheries. This study attempted to further characterize the candidate probiotic Lactobacillus casei X2, and the immune and physiological responses of the sea bass larvae. L. casei X2 was confirmed as a good candidate, due to its wide antibacterial spectrum against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria, and its free radical scavenging activity. In addition, if the strain did not seem able to form biofilm on abiotic surfaces, it adhered strongly to Hep-2 cells. However, these characteristics did not seem efficient in vivo. At 20 days post-hatch (dph), the expression level of CAT gene was significantly different between group fed without probiotic and the two groups treated with either Pediococcus acidilactici or L. casei. This gene was upregulated in the group treated with strain X2 and downregulated in the group with a commercial probiotic strain P. acidilactici, suggesting a better antioxidant activity with the later strain. At the same sampling date, the IL-1β gene was upregulated in the group treated with P. acidilactici, and the HSP70 gene was overexpressed at 41 dph. As the stimulation of these two last genes, such transcriptomic indicators must be cautiously interpreted.

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