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Intra- and interobserver agreement on the Oestern and Tscherne classification of soft tissue injury in periarticular lower-limb closed fractures



Intra- and interobserver agreement on the Oestern and Tscherne classification of soft tissue injury in periarticular lower-limb closed fractures



Colombia Medica 45(4): 173-178



The soft tissues injury in periarticular fractures of the lower extremities determines the proper time to perform bone fixation. The aim of this study was to determine the intra and interobserver agreement in the Tscherne classification. This is a descriptive, prospective study for patients admitted to the Pablo Tobón Uribe Hospital (PTUH) with tibial plateau or tibial pilon fractures. We performed a standardize evaluation using video photography at the time of admission and 24, 48, and 72 h after admission. Fifteen five reviewers who had various levels of training produced a total of 1,200 observations. The intra- and interobserver agreement was assessed using a weighted kappa for multiple raters and more than two categories. Twenty patients were admitted with tibial plateau and tibial pilon fractures. The intraobserver agreement for all 15 raters was kappa 0.81 (95% CI 0.79-0.83), and the interobserver agreement for all 15 raters was kappa 0.65 (95% CI 0.55-0.73). The interobserver agreement at 24 h was kappa 0.67 (95% CI 0.46-0.86). Classifying the severity of soft tissue injury is critical in planning the surgical management of fractures of the lower extremities. Based on our results, we can reasonably argue that the Tscherne classification produced an adequate level of agreement and could be used to standardize and to guide the treatment, and to conduct research studies. La lesión de los tejidos blandos en fracturas periarticulares del miembro inferior determina el momento adecuado para realizar la fijación ósea. El propósito de este estudio fue determinar la concordancia intra e interobservador para la clasificación de Tscherne. Estudio descriptivo, prospectivo en pacientes ingresados al Hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe con fracturas de platillos tibiales o pilón tibial. Se realizó una evaluación estandarizada utilizando videos y fotografías al momento del ingreso y 24, 48 y 72 h después. Quince evaluadores que tenían diferentes niveles de entrenamiento produjeron 1200 observaciones. La concordancia intre e interobservador fue evaluada utilizando kappa ponderado para múltiples evaluadores y más de dos categorías. Veinte pacientes fueron admitidos con fracturas de los platillos o del pilón tibial. La concordancia intraobservador para los 15 evaluadores fue kappa 0.81 (95% IC 0.79-0.83), y la concordancia interobservador para los 15 evaluadores fue kappa 0.65 (95% IC 0.55-0.73). La concordancia interobservador a las 24 h del ingreso fue kappa 0.67 (95% IC 0.46-0.86). Clasificar la gravedad de la lesión de los tejidos blandos es un paso fundamental en la planeación del manejo quirúrgico de las fracturas periarticulares del miembro inferior, con base en nuestros resultados podemos afirmar razonablemente que la clasificación de Oestern y Tscherne tiene un nivel de concordancia adecuado y podría utilizarse de forma sistemática para estandarizar la evaluación entre los ortopedistas para orientar el tratamiento y también con fines investigativos.

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Accession: 058145744

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PMID: 25767306


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