Intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion-weighted imaging as an adjunct to dynamic contrast-enhanced MRi to improve accuracy of the differential diagnosis of benign and malignant breast lesions
Ma, D.; Lu, F.; Zou, X.; Zhang, H.; Li, Y.; Zhang, L.; Chen, L.; Qin, D.; Wang, B.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging 36: 175-179
To investigate the value of use of intravoxel incoherent motion diffusion-weighted imaging (IVIM-DWI) as an adjunct to dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) to distinguish benign from malignant breast lesions. Retrospective analysis of data pertaining to 117 patients with breast lesions who underwent DCE-MRI and IVIM-DWI examination with 3.0T MRI was conducted. A total of 128 lesions were pathologically confirmed (47 benign and 81 malignant). Between-group differences in DCE-MRI parameters (Morphology, enhancement pattern, maximum slope of increase (MSI) and time-signal curve (TIC) type) and IVIM-DWI parameters (f value, D value and D* value) were assessed. Multivariate logistic regression was performed to identify variables that distinguished benign from malignant breast lesions. The diagnostic performance of DCE-MRI and DCE-MRI plus IVIM-DWI, to distinguish benign from malignant breast lesions, was evaluated using pathology results as the gold standard. Lesion morphology, MSI, and TIC type (P<0.05), but not the enhancement pattern (P>0.05), were significantly different between the benign and malignant groups. The f (8.53±2.14) and D* (7.64±2.07) values in the malignant group were significantly higher than those in the benign group (7.68±1.97 and 6.83±2.13, respectively), while the D value (0.99±0.22) was significantly lower than that (1.34±0.17) in the benign group (P<0.05 for all). On logistic regression analysis, the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of DCE-MRI were 90.1%, 70.2% and 82.8% respectively; the corresponding figures for the combination of IVIM-DWI and DCE-MRI were 88.8%, 85.1%, and 87.5%respectively. IVIM-DWI method as an adjunct to DCE-MRI can improve the specificity and accuracy in differential diagnosis of benign and malignant lesions of breast.