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Kernel collaborative representation-based automatic seizure detection in intracranial EEG

Kernel collaborative representation-based automatic seizure detection in intracranial EEG

International Journal of Neural Systems 25(2): 1550003

Automatic seizure detection is of great significance in the monitoring and diagnosis of epilepsy. In this study, a novel method is proposed for automatic seizure detection in intracranial electroencephalogram (iEEG) recordings based on kernel collaborative representation (KCR). Firstly, the EEG recordings are divided into 4s epochs, and then wavelet decomposition with five scales is performed. After that, detail signals at scales 3, 4 and 5 are selected to be sparsely coded over the training sets using KCR. In KCR, l2-minimization replaces l1-minimization and the sparse coefficients are computed with regularized least square (RLS), and a kernel function is utilized to improve the separability between seizure and nonseizure signals. The reconstructed residuals of each EEG epoch associated with seizure and nonseizure training samples are compared and EEG epochs are categorized as the class that minimizes the reconstructed residual. At last, a multi-decision rule is applied to obtain the final detection decision. In total, 595 h of iEEG recordings from 21 patients with 87 seizures are employed to evaluate the system. The average sensitivity of 94.41%, specificity of 96.97%, and false detection rate of 0.26/h are achieved. The seizure detection system based on KCR yields both a high sensitivity and a low false detection rate for long-term EEG.

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Accession: 058184608

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PMID: 25653073

DOI: 10.1142/s0129065715500033

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