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Long-term Graft and Patient Survival after Balloon Dilation of Ureteric Stenosis after Renal Transplant: A 23-year Retrospective Matched Cohort Study



Long-term Graft and Patient Survival after Balloon Dilation of Ureteric Stenosis after Renal Transplant: A 23-year Retrospective Matched Cohort Study



Radiology 281(1): 301-310



Purpose To study long-term graft and patient survival after percutaneous ureteroplasty of ureteric stenosis after renal transplantation and to compare the outcomes to those of patients who did not develop ureteric stenosis. Materials and Methods An ethical waiver was obtained for this 23-year retrospective matched cohort study of 52 of 1476 consecutive kidney transplant recipients who developed postoperative ureteric stenosis. Data were collected between January 1990 and December 2012. All patients (mean age, 47 years [range, 23-72 years]; 36 men aged 29-72 years [mean age, 49 years] and 24 women aged 23-68 years [mean age, 42 years]) underwent percutaneous ureteroplasty; recurrent stenosis was managed surgically or by means of long-term ureteric stent placement. Outcomes were compared with those of a matched control group of transplant recipients with no history of ureteric stenosis. Primary outcome measures were death-censored graft failure and all-cause mortality. Secondary outcome measures were the effect of time of stricture onset on graft survival, complications, and risk factors for recurrent stenosis. Kaplan-Meier curves were compared by using log-rank tests, with P < .05 indicative of a statistically significant difference. Results Balloon dilation was technically successful in all 52 strictures, but stenosis recurred in 10 patients and was treated with surgery (n = 5) or long-term stent placement (n = 5). The 10-year graft and patient survival were not significantly different in study versus control groups, with graft survival of 64.5% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 43.4%, 79.4%) versus 76.3% (95% CI: 58.6%, 87.2%), respectively (P = .372), and patient survival of 82.2% (95% CI: 62.9%, 92%) versus 89.9% (95% CI: 74.6%, 96.2%) (P = .632). Subgroup analysis showed that stenosis occurring less than 3 months (10-year graft survival, 59.1%), at least 3 months (10-year graft survival, 67.3%), and at least 6 months (10-year graft survival, 53.0%) after transplantation did not adversely affect graft survival compared with that of the control group (P > .05). Cold ischemia time was longer in those with recurrent stenosis than in control subjects (16.1 vs 8.4 hours, respectively; P = .034). The minor and major complication rates were 13% and 5.7%, respectively, with no 30-day graft loss and patient mortality. Conclusion Long-term graft and patient survival in patients with percutaneous ureteroplasty of transplant ureteric stenosis were not significantly worse than those in a control group. (©) RSNA, 2016.

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Accession: 058232640

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PMID: 27018575

DOI: 10.1148/radiol.2016151629


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