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Long-term outcome of intravascular ultrasound application in patients with moderate coronary lesions and grey-zone fractional flow reserve

Long-term outcome of intravascular ultrasound application in patients with moderate coronary lesions and grey-zone fractional flow reserve

Coronary Artery Disease 27(3): 221-226

This study aimed to assess the long-term outcome of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) application in patients with a fractional flow reserve (FFR) of 0.75-0.80. Scientifically evaluating anatomical structures is vital because structure influences both physiological function and decision-making in moderate coronary lesions, especially for those with an FFR of 0.75-0.80. Patients (n=128) were divided into three groups based on treatment: the drug control group (n=40), the IVUS-percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) group (n=40) and the IVUS-drug group (n=48). A PCI was performed when a patient had a minimum lumen area less than 4 mm(2) and a plaque burden of 70% or greater. Major adverse clinical events were defined as cardiac death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, target vessel revascularization, including PCI or coronary artery bypass grafting, and unstable angina, all of which were also evaluated during follow-up. Kaplan-Meier curves indicated that the incidence of major adverse clinical events did not differ between the IVUS-PCI and IVUS-drug groups (5 vs. 6.3%, P=0.810), but the levels in both of these groups significantly decreased compared with the drug control group (5 vs. 22.5%, P=0.024, and 6.5 vs. 22.5%, P=0.026, respectively). The long-term outcome of the application of IVUS in patients with a grey-zone FFR of 0.75-0.80 was superior to that of patients who were treated only with drugs without IVUS measurement. Patients with a grey-zone FFR should receive an individualized treatment strategy according to their IVUS parameters. Patients with the same FFR values may require different treatment strategies.

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Accession: 058234903

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PMID: 26807621

DOI: 10.1097/mca.0000000000000345

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