Mass size distributions of elemental aerosols in industrial area
Moustafa, M.; Mohamed, A.; Ahmed, A.-R.; Nazmy, H.
Journal of Advanced Research 6(6): 827-832
ISSN/ISBN: 2090-1232 PMID: 26644919 DOI: 10.1016/j.jare.2014.06.006
Outdoor aerosol particles were characterized in industrial area of Samalut city (El-minia/Egypt) using low pressure Berner cascade impactor as an aerosol sampler. The impactor operates at 1.7 m(3)/h flow rate. Seven elements were investigated including Ca, Ba, Fe, K, Cu, Mn and Pb using atomic absorption technique. The mean mass concentrations of the elements ranged from 0.42 ng/m(3) (for Ba) to 89.62 ng/m(3) (for Fe). The mass size distributions of the investigated elements were bi-modal log normal distribution corresponding to the accumulation and coarse modes. The enrichment factors of elements indicate that Ca, Ba, Fe, K, Cu and Mn are mainly emitted into the atmosphere from soil sources while Pb is mostly due to anthropogenic sources.