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Massive hemoperitoneum following spontaneous rupture of an arterial aneurysm overlying a uterine myoma

Massive hemoperitoneum following spontaneous rupture of an arterial aneurysm overlying a uterine myoma

International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine 8(2): 3002-3005

Intraperitoneal hemorrhage caused by a uterine myoma is rare. A 54-year-old woman was admitted to the emergency room; on admission, she was in cardiopulmonary arrest with pulseless electrical activity. Transabdominal ultrasonography revealed hyperechoic fluid filled almost the entire abdominal cavity. On contrast-enhanced computed tomography, extravasation of contrast material was observed inside the fluid, although the bleeding site was not identifiable. An emergency operation was performed to stabilize the patient. There was pulsating bleeding from a subserosal myoma on the posterior wall of the uterus; the myoma measured approximately 6 cm in maximum diameter. After resection of the myoma, the bleeding stopped. Pathological assessment of the resected specimen revealed a ruptured arterial aneurysm, approximately 8 mm in diameter, situated on the surface of a leiomyoma without degeneration. Spontaneous rupture of a vein or an artery overlying a myoma has been documented in the English literature, though it is extremely rare. Rupture of a vein is a more frequent occurrence than the rupture of an artery. This is the first reported case documenting a ruptured arterial aneurysm overlying a myoma.

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Accession: 058271629

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PMID: 25932272

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