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Medication Errors Despite Using Electronic Health Records: The Value of a Clinical Pharmacist Service in Reducing Discharge-Related Medication Errors



Medication Errors Despite Using Electronic Health Records: The Value of a Clinical Pharmacist Service in Reducing Discharge-Related Medication Errors



Quality Management in Health Care 25(1): 32-37



Medication errors continue to exist despite the use of electronic health records and electronic prescribing; patient-centered medication reconciliation is important to decrease errors. To identify whether a team-based approach with a pharmacist performing medication management and discharge medication reconciliation will reduce discharge-related medication errors in an academic tertiary care hospital already using an electronic health record and computerized physician order entry. Prospective nonrandomized controlled trial. All patients were admitted to 2 of the 6 medicine teams from August 1, 2012, through October 31, 2012. On the intervention team, a pharmacist assisted with medication management, medication reconciliation, and medication education upon discharge. Although the physicians on the control team had access to a pharmacist, they rarely collaborated with the pharmacist. The numbers of discharge-related medication discrepancies on the intervention and control teams were compared. Collaboration with a pharmacist reduced discharge-related medication errors. The percentage of patients without medication errors within 72 hours of discharge was 93.8% on the intervention team compared with 40.2% on the control team (P < .0001). Pharmacist's involvement in the patient care team improved patient safety by decreasing discharge medication errors caused by using electronic health records and computerized physician order entry.

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Accession: 058288166

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 26783865

DOI: 10.1097/QMH.0000000000000080


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