+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Dietary Determinants of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid (PUFA) Status in a High Fish-Eating Cohort during Pregnancy



Dietary Determinants of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid (PUFA) Status in a High Fish-Eating Cohort during Pregnancy



Nutrients 10(7)



Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are essential for neurodevelopment and the developing foetus depends on an optimal maternal status. Fish is a rich source of PUFA. The current study investigated dietary patterns, and associations with PUFA status in a high-fish consuming cohort of pregnant women in the Seychelles. At 28 weeks' gestation, pregnant women provided a blood sample, from which serum total PUFA concentrations were measured, A Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) and Fish Use Questionnaire (FUQ) were also completed. Principal component analysis (PCA) of dietary information identified four patterns. Regression analyses found dietary pattern 2, containing foods traditionally eaten in the Seychelles e.g., fish, fruit and vegetables was positively associated with serum docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) (β = 0.134; CI = 0.001, 0.022), and serum total n-3 PUFA (β = 0.139; CI = 0.001, 0.023) concentrations. Dietary pattern 1, high in processed foods, snacks, white meat and eggs, was not significantly associated with any of the serum PUFA concentrations. The FUQ indicated that fatty fish was associated with EPA status (β = 0.180; CI = 0.001, 0.005) in high consumers. The second dietary pattern, consisting of higher consumption of fish and fruit, was positively associated with n-3 PUFA status during pregnancy.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 058295991

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 30036954

DOI: 10.3390/nu10070927


Related references

Dietary intake and status of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in a population of fish-eating and non-fish-eating meat-eaters, vegetarians, and vegans and the product-precursor ratio [corrected] of α-linolenic acid to long-chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids: results from the EPIC-Norfolk cohort. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 92(5): 1040-1051, 2010

Regulation of rat brain polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) metabolism during graded dietary n-3 PUFA deprivation. Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids 85(6): 361-368, 2012

Effect of dietary supplementation of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) rich fish oil on reproductive performance of the goat (Capra hircus). Theriogenology 99: 79-89, 2017

Up-regulated desaturase and elongase gene expression promoted accumulation of polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) but not long-chain PUFA in Lates calcarifer, a tropical euryhaline fish, fed a stearidonic acid- and γ-linoleic acid-enriched diet. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 59(15): 8423-8434, 2011

A low omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid (n-6 PUFA) diet increases omega-3 (n-3) long chain PUFA status in plasma phospholipids in humans. Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids 90(4): 133-138, 2014

Effect of dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) concentration and sources on performance and fatty acid profiles of different tissues in turkeys. Buletinul Universitatii de Stiinte Agricole si Medicina Veterinara Cluj Napoca, Seria Zootehnie si Biotehnologii 62: 120-123, 2006

Influence of dietary lecithin and oils rich in n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) on the fatty acid content of rat muscle and serum. Journal of Animal and Feed Sciences 8(3): 485-497, 1999

Dietary vitamin E and polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) in newborn babies with physiological jaundice. Early Human Development 5(2): 145-150, 1981

Effect of dietary enrichment with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) or n-9 PUFA on arachidonate metabolism in vivo and experimentally induced inflammation in mice. Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin 27(3): 319-323, 2004

Estimated conversion of α-linolenic acid to long chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids is greater than expected in non fish-eating vegetarians and non fish-eating meat-eaters than in fish-eaters. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics 21(4): 404-404, 2008

Estimated conversion of alpha -linolenic acid to long chain n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids is greater than expected in non fish-eating vegetarians and non fish-eating meat-eaters than in fish-eaters. Journal Of Human Nutrition And Dietetics: 4, 404, 2008

High dietary fish oil alters the brain polyunsaturated fatty acid composition. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, L Lipid and Lipid Metabolism 960(3): 458-461, 1988

Polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) changes in serum and liver of undernourished rats given dietary vitamin B6 supplementation. Journal of Nutritional Science and Vitaminology 51(3): 129-134, 2005

Effect of dietary polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) supplementation on adjuvant induced polyarthritis in rats. Journal of Rheumatology 14(2): 197-201, 1987

Effect of dietary polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) rations on immune response of laying hens. Chinese Journal of Veterinary Medicine 40(6): 6-9, 2004