+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Milk production and nutrient partitioning as measured by (13)C enrichment of milk components during C3 and C4 plant feeding in purebred Holstein and in Charolais × Holstein F2 crossbred cows



Milk production and nutrient partitioning as measured by (13)C enrichment of milk components during C3 and C4 plant feeding in purebred Holstein and in Charolais × Holstein F2 crossbred cows



Isotopes in Environmental and Health Studies 51(1): 46-57



Nutrient partitioning was investigated in cows with different genetic merits for milk production by measuring (13)C/(12)C ratios (reported by delta values δ(13)C) in milk components in response to C3 (grass silage) and C4 diets (corn silage). We hypothesised that changes of δ(13)C in milk differ between Holstein (HOL; high milk production) and Charolais × Holstein cows with medium (CHM) and low (CHL) milk production. Changes of δ(13)C (Δδ(13)C) in milk components were estimated by calculating differences of δ(13)C due to switch from C3 to C4 feeding. After switch to C4 feeding, Δδ(13)C of lactose was greater in HOL than in CHL. Immediate Δδ(13)C of milk fat was the lowest in CHL. The maximal Δδ(13)C of casein was the lowest in HOL. The proportion of carbon in milk derived from diet increased with milk yield, indicating the main impact of the milk production level, but minor impact of breed, on nutrient partitioning towards the mammary gland.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 058318415

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 25485591

DOI: 10.1080/10256016.2014.987276


Related references

Comparison of Holstein, Holstein-Jersey crossbred, and Holstein-Normande crossbred first-parity cows for milk, fat, and protein production and SCS during the first 150 days of lactation. Journal of Dairy Science 86(Suppl. 1): 39, 2003

Body and milk quality traits of purebred Holstein and three-generation crossbred cows from Viking Red, Montbliarde, and Holstein sires. Journal of Central European Agriculture 19(4): 760-765, 2018

Studies on health management and nutritional evaluation by milk components analysis in Holstein cows. IV. The relationship between milk composition from the first test within 35 days in milk and displaced abomasum in a large dairy herd of high yielding Holstein cows. Korean Journal of Veterinary Research 41(3): 407-412, 2001

Milk production and composition of Holstein and crossbred Holstein x Jersey cows. Revista Argentina de Produccion Animal 26(Supl. 1): na 5, 2006

Milk production and energy efficiency of Holstein and Jersey-Holstein crossbred dairy cows offered diets containing grass silage. Journal of Dairy Science 94(3): 1455-1464, 2011

Short communication: A comparison between purebred Holstein and Brown Swiss × Holstein cows for milk production, somatic cell score, milking speed, and udder measurements in the first 3 lactations. Journal of Dairy Science 94(10): 5212-5216, 2011

Effect of feeding neutralized urea-treated rice straw on milk production of crossbred Holstein cows. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 7(4): 493-498, 1994

Effect of feeding seaweed extract on production and composition of milk in (Jersey x Gir and Holstein-Friesian x Gir) crossbred cows. Indian Journal of Animal Production and Management 14(3): 189-190, 1998

Prevalence of elevated milk β-hydroxybutyrate concentrations in Holstein cows measured by Fourier-transform infrared analysis in Dairy Herd Improvement milk samples and association with milk yield and components. Journal of Dairy Science 99(11): 9263-9270, 2016

Milk yield and purpose of nutrient utilization in purebred and Holstein-crossed cows. Soviet Agricultural Sciences (4): 71-74, 1987

Comparison of the performance of Holstein-Friesian and Jersey×Holstein-Friesian crossbred dairy cows within three contrasting grassland-based systems of milk production. Livestock Science 151(1), 2013

The effect of concentrate feeding amount and feeding strategy on milk production, dry matter intake, and energy partitioning of autumn-calving Holstein-Friesian cows. Journal of Dairy Science 98(1): 338-348, 2015

Comparison of first-parity Holstein, Normande-Holstein crossbred, Montbeliarde-Holstein crossbred and Scandinavian-Holstein crossbred cows for dystocia and stillbirths. Journal of Dairy Science 87: 282-282, 2004

Effects of milk production, season, parity and lactation period on variations of milk urea nitrogen concentration and milk components of holstein dairy cows. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 17(4): 479-484, 2004

Effects of milk production, season, parity and lactation period on variations of milk urea nitrogen concentration and milk components of Holstein dairy cows. Asian Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 17(4): 479-484, 2004