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Molecular docking and molecular dynamics simulation study of inositol phosphorylceramide synthase - inhibitor complex in leishmaniasis: Insight into the structure based drug design

Molecular docking and molecular dynamics simulation study of inositol phosphorylceramide synthase - inhibitor complex in leishmaniasis: Insight into the structure based drug design

F1000research 5: 1610

ISSN/ISBN: 2046-1402

PMID: 27853511

Inositol phosphorylceramide synthase (IPCS) has emerged as an important, interesting and attractive target in the sphingolipid metabolism of Leishmania. IPCS catalyzes the conversion of ceramide to IPC which forms the most predominant sphingolipid in Leishmania. IPCS has no mammalian equivalent and also plays an important role in maintaining the infectivity and viability of the parasite. The present study explores the possibility of targeting IPCS; development of suitable inhibitors for the same would serve as a treatment strategy for the infectious disease leishmaniasis. Five coumarin derivatives were developed as inhibitors of IPCS protein. Molecular dynamics simulations of the complexes of IPCS with these inhibitors were performed which provided insights into the binding modes of the inhibitors. In vitro screening of the top three compounds has resulted in the identification of one of the compounds (compound 3) which shows little cytotoxic effects. This compound therefore represents a good starting point for further in vivo experimentation and could possibly serve as an important drug candidate for the treatment of leishmaniasis.

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Accession: 058339886

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