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Mortality after emergency department thoracotomy for pediatric blunt trauma: Analysis of the National Trauma Data Bank 2007-2012



Mortality after emergency department thoracotomy for pediatric blunt trauma: Analysis of the National Trauma Data Bank 2007-2012



Journal of Pediatric Surgery 51(1): 163-167



The purpose of this study was to determine the proportion of children who survived after emergency department thoracotomy (EDT) for blunt trauma using a national database. A review of the National Trauma Data Bank was performed for years 2007-2012 to identify children <18 years of age who underwent EDT for blunt trauma. Eighty-four children <18 years of age underwent EDT after blunt trauma. Every child died during their hospitalization. The median age was 15 (IQR 6-17) years. Mean injury severity score (ISS) was 34.2 (SD 20.8), and 56% had an ISS of 26-75. Data for "signs of life" were available for 21 children. Fifteen (71%) had signs of life upon ED arrival. Sixty percent of children died in the ED. Of those who survived to the operating room (OR), 66% died in the OR. Four children (5%) survived more than 24 hours in the intensive care unit, three of whom had a maximum head abbreviated injury score of 5. There were no survivors after EDT for blunt trauma in the pediatric population in this national dataset. Usual indicators for EDT after blunt trauma in adults may not apply in children, and use should be discouraged without compelling evidence of a reversible cause of extremis.

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Accession: 058349872

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 26577911

DOI: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2015.10.034


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