+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Moving Forward after Sendai: How Countries Want to Use Science, Evidence and Technology for Disaster Risk Reduction



Moving Forward after Sendai: How Countries Want to Use Science, Evidence and Technology for Disaster Risk Reduction



Plos Currents 7:



Following the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami event, the global community adopted the UN Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) for Disaster Risk Reduction 2005-2015, which set out priorities to help countries achieve disaster resilience by encouraging the establishment of national platforms and strengthening disaster governance. In March 2015, UN member states adopted the successor to HFA, the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction: 2015-2030 (SFDRR). The SFDRR recognises the cross-cutting nature of DRR policy and calls on stakeholders to help governments. Over the following months, the international science community as a stakeholder will contribute by outlining guidance, research opportunities and partnerships to help countries implement the new framework. To inform this process, this study examines government' and national scientists' perspectives about the needs to use science, evidence and technology to achieve disaster risk reduction (DRR) and put the words of the new framework into action. This study was conducted using qualitative content analysis and quantifiable survey results. Data was collected via extraction from published statements and online survey responses. For statement content analysis, search terms were determined iteratively in a sample of statements until no new terms emerged. Additionally, 167 national scientists were recruited to participate in the online survey with a response rate of 26.3% (44/167). Country priorities are clustered and clear, showing that there is a demand for greater science in DRR decision-making and solutions. The main themes highlighted by countries were promoting research and practitioner engagement; increase technology transfer mechanisms; open data; communication of usable evidence and user's needs; education and training; and lastly, international cooperation all contributing to national capacity building. As identified, the main difficulties with existing delivery are gaps in knowledge, lack of coordination and a gap in capacity to use scientific evidence for policy-making. Countries and organisations have identified a range of science and technology related needs, including through the preparatory and drafting process for the Sendai Framework for DRR. Across regions and development levels, countries are seeking to address the gaps they face in scientific capacities and information. It is hoped that understanding these priorities and challenges will help decision-makers and scientists in developing the implementation plan to consider how science, technology and innovation can be enabling factors for DRR. An implementation plan of action underpinned by scientific evidence has the potential to save lives, more accurately target investment, and contribute to greater resilience over the coming decades.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 058352876

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 26463730


Related references

Revitalising Evidence-based Policy for the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030: Lessons from Existing International Science Partnerships. Plos Currents 7, 2015

The Chernobyl Disaster and Beyond: Implications of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030. Plos Medicine 13(4): E1002017, 2016

The Sendai framework: disaster risk reduction through a health lens. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 93(6): 362, 2015

From Yokohama to Sendai: Approaches to Participation in International Disaster Risk Reduction Frameworks. International Journal of Disaster Risk Science 6(2): 128-139, 2015

Synergising Public Health Concepts with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction: A Conceptual Glossary. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 13(12):, 2016

Knowing What We Know - Reflections on the Development of Technical Guidance for Loss Data for the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. Plos Currents 10:, 2018

Reducing risks to health and wellbeing at mass gatherings: the role of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. International Journal of Infectious Diseases 47: 101-104, 2016

Catastrophe risk models for evaluating disaster risk reduction investments in developing countries. Risk Analysis 33(6): 984-999, 2013

Disaster risk reduction in developing countries: costs, benefits and institutions. Disasters 36(4): 559-588, 2012

Introduction: The science of survivorship: moving from risk to risk reduction. Seminars in Oncology 40(6): 662-665, 2014

Evidence for disaster risk reduction, planning and response: design of the Evidence Aid survey. Plos Currents 3: Rrn1270, 2011

Youth participation in disaster risk reduction through science clubs in the Philippines. Disasters 39(2): 279-294, 2015

Dynamic Stochastic Macroeconomic Model of Disaster Risk Reduction Investment in Developing Countries. Risk Analysis 38(11): 2424-2440, 2018

Give full play to the advantages of Beijing in science and technology, push forward the progress of rural areas in science and technology. Beijing Agricultural Sciences 17(1): 1-7, 1999

Protecting the Health and Well-being of Populations from Disasters: Health and Health Care in The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030. Prehospital and Disaster Medicine 31(01): 74-78, 2016