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Multifaceted interactions and regulation between antizyme and its interacting proteins cyclin D1, ornithine decarboxylase and antizyme inhibitor

Multifaceted interactions and regulation between antizyme and its interacting proteins cyclin D1, ornithine decarboxylase and antizyme inhibitor

Oncotarget 6(27): 23917-23929

Ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), cyclin D1 (CCND1) and antizyme inhibitor (AZI) promote cell growth. ODC and CCND1 can be degraded through antizyme (AZ)-mediated 26S proteasomal degradation. This paper describes a mechanistic study of the molecular interactions between AZ and its interacting proteins. The dissociation constant (Kd) of the binary AZ-CCND1 complex and the respective binding sites of AZ and CCND1 were determined. Our data indicate that CCND1 has a 4-fold lower binding affinity for AZ than does ODC and an approximately 40-fold lower binding affinity for AZ than does AZI. The Kd values of AZ-CCND1, AZ-ODC and AZ-AZI were 0.81, 0.21 and 0.02 μM, respectively. Furthermore, the Kd values for CCND1 binding to the AZ N-terminal peptide (AZ34-124) and AZ C-terminal peptide (AZ100-228) were 0.92 and 8.97 μM, respectively, indicating that the binding site of CCND1 may reside at the N-terminus of AZ, rather than the C-terminus. Our data also show that the ODC-AZ-CCND1 ternary complex may exist in equilibrium. The Kd values of the [AZ-CCND1]-ODC and [AZ-ODC]-CCND1 complexes were 1.26 and 4.93 μM, respectively. This is the first paper to report the reciprocal regulation of CCND1 and ODC through AZ-dependent 26S proteasomal degradation.

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Accession: 058357430

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PMID: 26172301

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