Mycochemical Investigation of the Turkey Tail Medicinal Mushroom Trametes versicolor (Higher Basidiomycetes) : a Potential Application of the Isolated Compounds in Documented Pharmacological Studies
Habibi, E.; Sadat-Ebrahimi, S.E.; Mousazadeh, S.A.; Amanzadeh, Y.
International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms 17(3): 255-265
ISSN/ISBN: 1940-4344 PMID: 25954909 DOI: 10.1615/intjmedmushrooms.v17.i3.50
The purpose of this study was to elucidate the chemical properties of the n-hexane, chloroform, and ethyl acetate extracts of the fruiting body of the medicinal mushroom Trametes versicolor. The study led to the isolation of 5 sterols, 2 triterpene derivatives, 1 hydroquinone-derived aromatic compound, and, finally, 1 cerebroside and 1 triglyceride derivative. These compounds were identified for first time in T. versicolor and were named as follows: 4-isobutoxyphenyl palmitate (5), N-D-2'-hydroxyheptanoic-1-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl-9-methyl-4,8-sphinga-dienine(cerebroside) (6), 3β-linoleyloxyergosta-7,22-diene (7), 3β-linoleyloxyergosta-7-ene (8), and betulinic acid (9). Other compounds elucidated in our study were ergosterol (1), ergosterol peroxide (2), trilinolein (3), ergosta-7, 22-dien-3β-ol (4), and betuline (10). These compounds were obtained via column or thin-layer chromatography before being identified by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopic analyses and infrared data. In addition, the beneficial pharmacological effects of the compounds are described here.