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New Initiation of Long-Acting Opioids in Long-Stay Nursing Home Residents



New Initiation of Long-Acting Opioids in Long-Stay Nursing Home Residents



Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 64(9): 1772-1778



To estimate the prevalence of new initiation of long-acting opioids since introduction of national efforts to increase prescriber and public awareness on safe use of transdermal fentanyl patches. Cross-sectional. U.S. nursing homes (NHs). Medicare-enrolled long-stay NH residents (N = 22,253). Minimum Data Set 3.0 was linked with Medicare enrollment, hospital claims, and prescription drug transaction data (January-December 2011) and used to determine the prevalence of new initiation of a long-acting opioid prescribed to residents in NHs. Of NH residents prescribed a long-acting opioid within 30 days of NH admission (n = 12,278), 9.4% (95% confidence interval = 8.9-9.9%) lacked a prescription drug claim for a short-acting opioid in the previous 60 days. The most common initial prescriptions of long-acting opioids were fentanyl patch (51.9% of opioid-naïve NH residents), morphine sulfate (28.1%), and oxycodone (17.2%). New initiation of long-acting opioids-especially fentanyl patches, which have been the subject of safety communications-persists in NHs.

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Accession: 058397893

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 27487158

DOI: 10.1111/jgs.14306


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