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Disease Pattern among Children attending Pediatric Outpatient Department in Community Based Medical College Hospital, Bangladesh

Disease Pattern among Children attending Pediatric Outpatient Department in Community Based Medical College Hospital, Bangladesh

Mymensingh Medical Journal 26(4): 863-867

Disease pattern is based on socio-demographic characteristics, comprehensive health care services, and environmental variables like water supply, basic sanitation and housing, illness behavior like quick decision to arrive at health care facility, and treatment behavior like the modality of treatment they receive. The descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted during the period of January 2014 to December 2015. The study was carried out among 310 purposively selected children attended at Pediatric Outpatient department of Community Based Medical College Hospital, Bangladesh. Data were collected by face to face interview of the parents and clinical examination and anthropometric measurement of children using case record form. Mean age of the children was 4.11 years with a SD of 4.35 years, male-female ratio was 1.25:1 with predominance 201(64.84%) of under-five children. The common diseases were 121(39.03%) with Acute Respiratory Infections (ARI), while 43(13.87%) diarrheal diseases, 25(8.06%) each with bronchial asthma and helminthiasis. Other diseases 96(30.97%) include anemia 17(5.48%), urinary tract infection 15 (4.84%), peptic ulcer disease 9(2.90%), enteric fever, oral candidiasis, apthous ulcer of mouth, scabies and vulvovaginitis. Average number of children per family was 2.2 including 251(80.97%) children having sanitary latrine in the family, 297(95.81%) with safe drinking water facilities and 270(87.10%) were fully vaccinated under EPI. More than three fourth 76(24.52%) of the children were underweight, 114(36.77%) were from poor families and 136(43.87%) lived in Kancha house. With the improvement of safe water supply and use of sanitary latrine diseases like diarrhoeal disease and helminthiasis are showing a decreasing trend.

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Accession: 058427329

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PMID: 29208876

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