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Diseases potentially related to Flammer syndrome



Diseases potentially related to Flammer syndrome



Epma Journal 8(4): 327-332



Flammer syndrome (FS) is a prevalent and mostly benign condition. Subjects with FS seem to have a good life expectancy. Nevertheless, FS subjects are at increased risk for certain diseases, mainly when they are challenged by psychological stress or other stimuli such as coldness. FS is related to ocular diseases, such as normal-tension glaucoma, retinitis pigmentosa, central serous chorioretinopathy, optic nerve compartment syndrome, Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy, arterial or venous occlusions in the retina, and choroid and optic nerve head, despite the absence of classical vascular risk factors. FS is also related to some non-ocular diseases, such as multiple sclerosis, breast cancer, and altitude sickness. The role of FS in other diseases such as tinnitus, sudden hearing loss, Ménière's disease, anorexia nervosa, and thyroid dysfunction is currently under investigation. The exact relationship of FS to related diseases however still needs to be established. This may hopefully lead to more targeted diagnostics and personalized treatments.

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Accession: 058427466

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 29209435

DOI: 10.1007/s13167-017-0116-4


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