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Not Just Any Job Will Do: A Study on Employment Characteristics and Recidivism Risks After Release



Not Just Any Job Will Do: A Study on Employment Characteristics and Recidivism Risks After Release



International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology 61(16): 1795-1818



Ex-prisoners' recidivism risks are high. Several theories state that employment can reduce these risks but emphasize that the protective role of employment is conditional on job qualities (work intensity, job duration, etc.). Longitudinal research on the role of employment in ex-prisoners' recidivism patterns is scarce, and most existing work used a simplistic employment measure (i.e., employed vs. unemployed), leaving the topic of job quality underexplored. This study examines the association between employment characteristics and recidivism among Dutch ex-prisoners. Using longitudinal data of the Prison Project ( n = 714), we found that not just any job, but particularly stable employment and jobs with a higher occupational level could help reduce crime rates among these high-risk offenders. Many ex-prisoners face a human capital deficit that complicates the guidance to high-quality jobs. It might, however, be possible to help place ex-prisoners in stable employment.

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Accession: 058427498

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 26975405

DOI: 10.1177/0306624X16636141


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