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Novel Role of TRPML2 in the Regulation of the Innate Immune Response



Novel Role of TRPML2 in the Regulation of the Innate Immune Response



Journal of Immunology 195(10): 4922-4932



TRPMLs (or mucolipins) constitute a family of endosomal cation channels with homology to the transient receptor potential superfamily. In mammals, the TRPML family includes three members: TRPML1-3. Although TRPML1 and TRPML3 have been well characterized, the cellular function of TRPML2 has remained elusive. To address TRPML2 function in a physiologically relevant cell type, we first analyzed TRPML2 expression in different mouse tissues and organs and found that it was predominantly expressed in lymphoid organs and kidney. Quantitative RT-PCR revealed tight regulation of TRPML2 at the transcriptional level. Although TRPML2 expression was negligible in resting macrophages, TRPML2 mRNA and protein levels dramatically increased in response to TLR activation both in vitro and in vivo. Conversely, TRPML1 and TRPML3 levels did not change upon TLR activation. Immunofluorescence analysis demonstrated that endogenous TRPML2 primarily localized to recycling endosomes both in culture and primary cells, in contrast with TRPML1 and TRPML3, which distribute to the late and early endosomal pathway, respectively. To better understand the in vivo function of TRPML2, we generated a TRPML2-knockout mouse. We found that the production of several chemokines, in particular CCL2, was severely reduced in TRPML2-knockout mice. Furthermore, TRPML2-knockout mice displayed impaired recruitment of peripheral macrophages in response to i.p. injections of LPS or live bacteria, suggesting a potential defect in the immune response. Overall, our study reveals interesting differences in the regulation and distribution of the members of the TRPML family and identifies a novel role for TRPML2 in the innate immune response.

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Accession: 058430816

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PMID: 26432893

DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.1500163


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