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Occurrence of current-use fungicides and bifenthrin in Rainwater Basin wetlands

Occurrence of current-use fungicides and bifenthrin in Rainwater Basin wetlands

Chemosphere 159: 275-281

Wetlands in the Rainwater Basin (RWB) of Nebraska are commonly in close proximity to or embedded within row-crop agriculture. Several fungicides and bifenthrin are applied aerially to corn throughout the RWB during tassel stage. Thus, aerial spray drift and runoff may result in pesticide contamination of wetlands. The primary objective of this study was to determine water concentrations of five fungicides and bifenthrin in wetlands located in and near fields during a heavy application period (July 16th-26th 2014) to evaluate the influence of distance from crop field on wetland contamination. In addition, the sampling sites were grouped based upon the type of water body sampled and environmental concentrations were compared to relevant "levels of concern" (LOCs) from invertebrates, fish, and amphibians selected from the literature based upon relevant toxicity data. Bifenthrin was the most frequently detected analyte, appearing in 83% of the samples. The 95th percentile concentrations across all wetlands were found to be 0.07 μg/L for bifenthrin, 0.28 μg/L for pyraclostrobin, 0.28 μg/L for azoxystrobin, and <0.14 μg/L for all other analytes. Analyte concentrations did not differ by wetland type and were not correlated with distance from closest crop. Environmental concentrations of fungicides were lower than LOCs, indicating limited acute toxicity risk. However, bifenthrin concentrations were frequently higher than LOCs for aquatic arthropods. Because the water samples included particulate bound pesticides, further work is needed to determine if this bifenthrin is bioavailable and contamination levels within the sediment.

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Accession: 058448796

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 27300775

DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.06.012

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