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Octanoic acid promotes branched-chain amino acid catabolisms via the inhibition of hepatic branched-chain alpha-keto acid dehydrogenase kinase in rats



Octanoic acid promotes branched-chain amino acid catabolisms via the inhibition of hepatic branched-chain alpha-keto acid dehydrogenase kinase in rats



Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental 64(9): 1157-1164



It has been reported that administration of octanoic acid, one of medium-chain fatty acids (MCFAs), promoted leucine oxidation in vitro and in vivo, but it remained unclear how octanoic acid stimulated leucine oxidation. Therefore, the aim of this study was to elucidate the mechanism that octanoic acid facilitates branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) catabolism. In in vivo experiments, male rats were orally administered MCFAs as free fatty acids or triacylglycerol (trioctanoin), and then activities of hepatic branched-chain α-ketoacid dehydrogenase (BCKDH) complex (BCKDC) and BCKDH kinase (BDK) and alterations in the concentration of blood components were analyzed. In in vitro experiments, purified BCKDC associated with BDK (BCKDH-BDK complex) was reacted with various concentrations of hexanoic, octanoic, and decanoic acids. Oral administration of trioctanoin in rats activated hepatic BCKDC via down-regulation of BDK activity in association with a decrease in plasma BCAA concentration and an increase in serum ketone body concentration. In vitro experiments using purified BCKDH-BDK complex showed that MCFAs (hexanoic, octanoic, and decanoic acids) inhibited BDK activity and that this inhibition was higher in hexanoic and octanoic acids than in decanoic acid. Oral administration of octanoic acid, but not decanoic acid, in rats activated hepatic BCKDC via down-regulation of BDK activity by decreasing the amount of BDK bound to the complex. The serum ketone body level was elevated by both administration of octanoic acid and decanoic acid. These results suggest that octanoic acid promotes BCAA catabolism in vivo by activation of BCKDC via decreasing the bound form of BDK.

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Accession: 058449352

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PMID: 26104959

DOI: 10.1016/j.metabol.2015.05.014


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