+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Optimising measurement of health-related characteristics of the built environment: Comparing data collected by foot-based street audits, virtual street audits and routine secondary data sources

Optimising measurement of health-related characteristics of the built environment: Comparing data collected by foot-based street audits, virtual street audits and routine secondary data sources

Health and Place 43: 75-84

The role of the neighbourhood environment in influencing health behaviours continues to be an important topic in public health research and policy. Foot-based street audits, virtual street audits and secondary data sources are widespread data collection methods used to objectively measure the built environment in environment-health association studies. We compared these three methods using data collected in a nationally representative epidemiological study in 17 British towns to inform future development of research tools. There was good agreement between foot-based and virtual audit tools. Foot based audits were superior for fine detail features. Secondary data sources measured very different aspects of the local environment that could be used to derive a range of environmental measures if validated properly. Future built environment research should design studies a priori using multiple approaches and varied data sources in order to best capture features that operate on different health behaviours at varying spatial scales.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 058467408

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 27902960

DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2016.10.001

Related references

Examining the validity and utility of two secondary sources of food environment data against street audits in England. Nutrition Journal 16(1): 82, 2018

Street Audits to Measure Neighborhood Disorder: Virtual or In-Person?. American Journal of Epidemiology 186(3): 265-273, 2017

Using Virtual Street Audits to Understand the Walkability of Older Adults' Route Choices by Gender and Age. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 13(11), 2016

Foot-based audit of streets adjacent to new light rail stations in Houston, Texas: measurement of health-related characteristics of the built environment for physical activity research. Bmc Public Health 19(1): 238, 2019

Using Google Street View to examine associations between built environment characteristics and U.S. health outcomes. Preventive Medicine Reports 14: 100859, 2019

Environmental Street Audits and Black Carbon Measurements in Vietnamese Immigrant Communities. Progress in Community Health Partnerships 9(2): 179-190, 2015

Secondary GIS built environment data for health research: guidance for data development. Journal of Transport and Health 3(4): 529-539, 2017

Medicare data its use in defining the effects of the environment on health a feasibility study based on saskatchewan data to determine the use of major health care data sources in identifying the effects of the human environment on health. Dennis, C A R , Ruth Drope And Della Matz Medicare Data: Its Use in Defining The Effects Of The Environment on Health A Feasibility Study Based on Saskatchewan Data to Determine The Use Of Major Health Care Data Sources in Identifying The Effects Of The Human Environment on Health 164p National Research Council Of Canada: Ottawa, Canada 1-164, 1977

Toward a general model of built environment audits. 2012

Can virtual streetscape audits reliably replace physical streetscape audits?. Journal of Urban Health 87(6): 1007-1016, 2011

Institutional practices and planning for walking: A focus on built environment audits. Planning Theory & Practice 16(4): 517-534, 2015

Integrating health-related data from various sources: combining surveys, records and routine data. Sozial- und Praventivmedizin 30(2): 68-71, 1985

Assessing Walking and Cycling Environments in the Streets of Madrid: Comparing On-Field and Virtual Audits. Journal of Urban Health 92(5): 923-939, 2016

A Toxicologist's Viewpoint of the Quality of Computer-Captured Data and Data Audits. International Journal of Toxicology 8(2): 323-331, 1989

Environmental audits of exploration and production facilities using pen-based computers and data management systems. Proceedings of the Petroleum Hydrocarbons and Organic Chemicals in Ground Water: Prevention, Detection and Remediation Conference 1997: 280-290, 1997