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Outcomes of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in liver transplant recipients with allograft failure



Outcomes of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis in liver transplant recipients with allograft failure



Transplant Infectious Disease 18(4): 545-551



Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) carries appreciable morbidity and mortality in the pre-liver transplant (LT) setting. However, the occurrence of SBP and its consequences in the post-LT setting have not been well characterized. This is a retrospective study of SBP occurring in post-LT patients between January 2007 and December 2012. Outcomes were compared to a cohort of post-LT patients with allograft failure and ascites without SBP. The most common indication for liver transplantation in this cohort was hepatitis C. A total of 29 episodes of SBP in 21 patients were identified. Escherichia coli (19%) and Klebsiella pneumoniae (10%) were the most frequent pathogens identified. Six patients died during their first episode of SBP. Ten patients were eventually listed for liver re-transplantation (re-LT) after their first episode of SBP; 5 of these patients were transplanted and the other 5 died. Of the 5 who were transplanted, 2 died shortly after re-transplant, and 3 are still alive. The cause of death in the majority of patients was infection (83.3%). The median time from onset of ascites to death was 214 days (range: 10-1085 days) and from the first episode of SBP to death was 50.5 days (range: 4-549 days). In contrast, the median time from onset of ascites to death in patients with allograft failure and ascites without SBP was 331.5 days (45-2400 days). Allograft failure with ascites is a poor prognostic factor and these patients should be considered high risk for re-LT. SBP may accelerate the time to mortality.

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Accession: 058483204

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 27261101

DOI: 10.1111/tid.12565


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