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Oxidation of Cr(III) on birnessite surfaces: The effect of goethite and kaolinite



Oxidation of Cr(III) on birnessite surfaces: The effect of goethite and kaolinite



Journal of Environmental Sciences 37: 8-14



Oxidation of Cr(III) by manganese oxides may pose a potential threat to environments due to the formation of toxic Cr(VI) species. At present, it was still unclear whether the extent of Cr(III) oxidation and fate of Cr(VI) would be changed when manganese oxides co-exist with other minerals, the case commonly occurring in soils. This study investigated the influence of goethite and kaolinite on Cr(III) oxidation by birnessite under acidic pH condition (pH3.5) and background electrolyte of 0.01mol/L NaCl. Goethite was found not to affect Cr(III) oxidation, which was interpreted as the result of overwhelming adsorption of cationic Cr(III) onto the negatively-charged birnessite (point of zero charge (PZC)<3.0) rather than the positively-charged goethite (PZC=8.8). However, more Cr(VI) would be retained by the surface with the increase in addition of goethite because of its strong ability on adsorption of Cr(VI) at low pH. Moreover, either Cr(III) oxidation or distribution of the generated Cr(VI) between the solid and solution phases was not affected by kaolinite (PZC<3.0), indicating its low affinity for Cr species. Reactions occurring in the present mixed systems were suggested, which could be partly representative of those in the soils and further indicates that the mobility and risk of Cr(VI) would be decreased if goethite was present.

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Accession: 058488234

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 26574083

DOI: 10.1016/j.jes.2015.03.026


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