+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Phytochemical Composition and Antitumor Activities of New Salad Greens: Rucola (Diplotaxis tenuifolia) and Corn Salad (Valerianella locusta)

Phytochemical Composition and Antitumor Activities of New Salad Greens: Rucola (Diplotaxis tenuifolia) and Corn Salad (Valerianella locusta)

Plant Foods for Human Nutrition 71(2): 197-203

D. tenuifolia and V. locusta, two greens, were analyzed for active compounds and antitumor actions on colorectal cancer cells. Phenolics were determined by UHPLC-Orbitrap-MS; carotenoids and glucosinolates by HPLC-MS; and sterols and fatty acids by gas-liquid chromatography (GLC). For antitumor effects, the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) tests were run on HT-29 colorectal cancer cells, and in CCD-18 untransformed enterocyte cells. Six main carotenoids were identified in both vegetables, while total carotenoids accounted for 3520 and 2970 μg · g(-1) dry weight in D. tenuifolia and V. locusta, respectively. Six phenolics were detected in D. tenuifolia (68,600 μg · g(-1) dry weight) and five in V. locusta (139,000 μg · g(-1) dry weight). Three glucosinolates (GSL) were found in D. tenuifolia (1960 μg · g(-1) dry wt. total). Low-polarity extracts from V. locusta and D. tenuifolia showed IC50 ~ 150 and ~200 μg · mL(-1) on HT-29 cells, while both plants lacked actions on CCD-18 cells. V. locusta inhibited HT-29 cancer cells viability more efficiently than D. tenuiofolia, but induced less cytotoxicity. This work highlights the importance of functional foods for colorectal cancer prevention.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 058556069

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 27143140

DOI: 10.1007/s11130-016-0544-7

Related references

Detection of Acidovorax valerianellae, the causing agent of bacterial leaf spots in corn salad Valerianella locusta L Laterr, in corn salad seeds. 2011

Detection of Acidovorax valerianellae, the causing agent of bacterial leaf spots in corn salad [Valerianella locusta (L.) Laterr.], in corn salad seeds. Letters in Applied Microbiology 54(2): 112-118, 2012

Analysis of phytochemical composition and chemoprotective capacity of rocket (Eruca sativa and Diplotaxis tenuifolia) leafy salad following cultivation in different environments. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 57(12): 5227-5234, 2009

Nutritional disorders in corn salad (Valerianella locusta). Gemuse Munchen 38(12): 10-14, 2002

Research experiences with two types of corn salad (Valerianella locusta L.). Acta Horticulturae ( 242): 329-334, 1989

The residue situation with metobromuron (Patoran) in corn salad (Valerianella locusta L.). Nachrichtenblatt des Deutschen Pflanzenschutzdienstes 30(7): 99-102, 1978

Selenium fortification of hydroponically grown corn salad (Valerianella locusta). Crop and Pasture Science 66(11): 1128-1136, 2015

Downy Mildew Caused by Peronospora valerianellae on Corn-Salad (Valerianella locusta) in California. Plant Disease 92(10): 1470, 2008

Beneficial effects of silicon on hydroponically grown corn salad (Valerianella locusta (L.) Laterr) plants. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 56: 14-23, 2012

Specific TaqMan assay for the detection of Acidovorax valerianellae on the cotyledons of corn salad (Valerianella locusta). Phytopathology 108(10): 55-55, 2018

High-tech production of corn salad (Valerianella locusta (L.) Laterr.), a local, French vegetable crop. Acta Horticulturae ( 467): 259-268, 1998

Influence of different components of storage atmosphere on vitamin c content of parsley petroselinum crispum and corn salad valerianella locusta. Gartenbauwissenschaft 46(2): 84-88, 1981

Evidence that Acidovorax valerianellae, bacterial black spot of corn salad (Valerianella locusta) agent, is soil transmitted. Presentations from the 6th International Conference on Pseudomonas syringae pathovars and related pathogens, Maratea, Italy, September 15-19, 2002: 89-91, 2003

The Effect of Growth Medium Temperature on Corn Salad [Valerianella locusta (L.) Laterr] Baby Leaf Yield and Quality. Hortscience 46(12): 1619-1625, 2011

Biological and Genetic Characterization of New and Known Necroviruses Causing an Emerging Systemic Necrosis Disease of Corn Salad (Valerianella locusta) in France. Phytopathology 108(8): 1002-1010, 2018