EurekaMag.com logo
+ Site Statistics
References:
53,869,633
Abstracts:
29,686,251
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
EurekaMag Most Shared ContentMost Shared
EurekaMag PDF Full Text ContentPDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full TextRequest PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on FacebookFollow on Facebook
Follow on TwitterFollow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedInFollow on LinkedIn

+ Translate

Picky eating in preschool children: Associations with dietary fibre intakes and stool hardness



Picky eating in preschool children: Associations with dietary fibre intakes and stool hardness



Appetite 100: 263-271



It has been suggested that constipation may be associated with picky eating. Constipation is a common condition in childhood and a low intake of dietary fibre may be a risk factor. Differences in fibre intake between picky and non-picky children and its relation to stool consistency is currently not well-understood. Children enrolled in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children identified as picky eaters (PE) were compared with non-picky eaters (NPE): (1) to determine dietary fibre intake at 38 months; (2) to investigate whether any difference in dietary fibre intake was predictive of usual stool hardness at 42 months. PE was identified from questionnaires at 24 and 38 months. Usual stool hardness was identified from a questionnaire at 42 months. Dietary intake was assessed at 38 months with a food frequency questionnaire. Dietary fibre intake was lower in PE than NPE (mean difference -1.4 (95% CI -1.6, -1.2) g/day, p < 0.001). PE was strongly associated with dietary fibre intake (adjusted regression model; unstandardised B -1.44 (95% CI -1.62, -1.24) g/day, p < 0.001). PE had a lower percentage of fibre from vegetables compared with NPE (8.9% vs 15.7%, respectively, p < 0.001). There was an association between PE and usually having hard stools (adjusted multinomial model; OR 1.31, 95% CI 1.07, 1.61; p = 0.010). This was attenuated when dietary fibre was included in the model, suggesting that fibre intake mediated the association (OR 1.16, 95% CI 0.94, 1.43, p = 0.180). Picky eating in 3-year-old children was associated with an increased prevalence of usually having hard stools. This association was mediated by low dietary fibre intake, particularly from vegetables, in PE. For children with PE, dietary advice aimed at increasing fibre intake may help avoid hard stools.

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 058556835

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 26879221

DOI: 10.1016/j.appet.2016.02.021



Related references

Associations of infant feeding practices and picky eating behaviors of preschool children. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 111(9): 1363-1368, 2011

Picky/fussy eating in children: Review of definitions, assessment, prevalence and dietary intakes. Appetite 95: 349-359, 2016

Effects of multiple herb formula SEC-22 supplementation on dietary intake, picky eating behaviors, and growth indices in thin preschool children. Nutrition Research and Practice 9(4): 393-399, 2015

Variants in Chemosensory Genes Are Associated with Picky Eating Behavior in Preschool-Age Children. Journal of Nutrigenetics and Nutrigenomics 10(3-4): 84-92, 2017

Prevalence and correlates of picky eating in preschool-aged children: A population-based study. Eating Behaviors 22: 16-21, 2017

Associations between eating patterns, dietary intakes and eating behaviors in premenopausal overweight women. Eating Behaviors 13(2): 162-165, 2012

Home feeding environment and picky eating behavior in preschool-aged children: A prospective analysis. Eating Behaviors 30: 76-82, 2018

Picky eating in preschool children: the predictive role of the child's temperament and mother's negative affectivity. Eating Behaviors 14(3): 274-277, 2014

Association of Picky Eating with Growth, Nutritional Status, Development, Physical Activity, and Health in Preschool Children. Frontiers in Pediatrics 6: 22-22, 2018

Dietary fibre intakes of individuals with different eating patterns. Human Nutrition. Applied Nutrition 39(2): 139-148, 1985

Environmental factors associated with preschool obesity. 3. Dietary intakes, eating patterns, and anthropometric measurements. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 72(6): 589-596, 1978

Environmental factors associated with preschool obesity. III. Dietary intakes, eating patterns, and anthropometric measurements. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 72(6): 589-596, 1978

Nutrient intake and dietary patterns in children 2.5-5 years of age with picky eating behaviours and low weight-for-height. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition 26(1): 104-109, 2017

Picky eating: Associations with child eating characteristics and food intake. Appetite 103: 286-293, 2017

Prevalence of picky eating behaviour in Chinese school-age children and associations with anthropometric parameters and intelligence quotient. A cross-sectional study. Appetite 91: 248-255, 2016