+ Site Statistics
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Positive psychological factors are associated with lower PTSD symptoms among police officers: post Hurricane Katrina

Positive psychological factors are associated with lower PTSD symptoms among police officers: post Hurricane Katrina

Stress and Health 30(5): 405-415

Following Hurricane Katrina, police officers in the New Orleans geographic area faced a number of challenges. This cross-sectional study examined the association between resilience, satisfaction with life, gratitude, posttraumatic growth, and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder in 84 male and 30 female police officers from Louisiana. Protective factors were measured using the Connor-Davidson Resilience scale, Satisfaction with Life Scale, the Gratitude Questionnaire, and the Posttraumatic Growth inventory. Symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder were measured using the Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist--Civilian (PCL-C). Potential associations were measured using linear regression and analysis of variance. Models were adjusted for age, sex, race, education, and alcohol. Mean PCL-C symptoms were 29.5 ± 14.5 for females and 27.8 ± 12.1 for males. Adjusted mean levels of PCL-C symptoms significantly decreased as quartiles of resilience (p < .001), satisfaction with life (p < .001), and gratitude (p < .001) increased. In contrast, PCL-C symptoms were not associated with posttraumatic growth in this sample. These results indicate that positive factors such as resilience, satisfaction with life, and gratitude may help mitigate symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder. To further explore these relationships, longitudinal follow-up in a larger population would be of interest.

Please choose payment method:

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 058577305

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 25476965

DOI: 10.1002/smi.2615

Related references

0027Life Events and Psychological Distress among Police Officers Six Years Post Hurricane Katrina. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 71(Suppl 1): A61.2-A61, 2014

The effect of social support, gratitude, resilience and satisfaction with life on depressive symptoms among police officers following Hurricane Katrina. International Journal of Social Psychiatry 64(1): 63-72, 2018

Positive traits versus previous trauma: racially different correlates with PTSD symptoms among hurricane katrina-rita volunteers. Journal of Community Psychology 39(4): 402-420, 2011

Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms in Police Officers Following Violent Assaults: A Study on General and Police-Specific Risk and Protective Factors. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 32(3): 331-356, 2017

Health hazard evaluation of police officers and firefighters after Hurricane Katrina--New Orleans, Louisiana, October 17-28 and November 30-December 5, 2005. Mmwr. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 55(16): 456-458, 2006

P269Positive psychological factors as protective factors for posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms among police officers. Occupational and Environmental Medicine 73(Suppl 1): A211.3-A212, 2016

Association of PTSD symptoms with asthma attacks among hurricane Katrina survivors. Journal of Traumatic Stress 27(6): 725-729, 2014

Routine work environment stress and PTSD symptoms in police officers. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease 197(10): 754-760, 2009

Duty-related stressors and PTSD symptoms in suburban police officers. Psychological Reports 81(3 Pt 1): 835-845, 1997

PTSD symptoms predict waking salivary cortisol levels in police officers. Psychoneuroendocrinology 30(4): 373-381, 2005

Predicting posttraumatic growth among Hurricane Katrina survivors living with HIV: the role of self-efficacy, social support, and PTSD symptoms. Anxiety Stress and Coping 22(4): 449-463, 2009

Alexithymia and PTSD symptoms in urban police officers: cross-sectional and prospective findings. Journal of Traumatic Stress 19(3): 361-373, 2006

PTSD symptoms among police officers: associations with frequency, recency, and types of traumatic events. International Journal of Emergency Mental Health 15(4): 241-253, 2013

Post-disaster physical symptoms of firefighters and police officers: role of types of exposure and post-traumatic stress symptoms. British Journal of Health Psychology 13(Pt 2): 327-342, 2008

Predictors of Ptsd symptoms in brazilian police officers: the synergy of negative affect and peritraumatic dissociation. Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria 33(4): 362-366, 2011