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Postburn neck anterior contracture treatment in children with scar-fascial local trapezoid flaps: a new approach

Postburn neck anterior contracture treatment in children with scar-fascial local trapezoid flaps: a new approach

Journal of Burn Care and Research 36(3): E112-E119

One of the dramatic consequences of burns is scar contracture and deformities of the neck. Cervical contracture in children is especially dangerous, leading to face disfigurement and kyphosis; therefore, early reconstruction is indicated. Despite the existence of many various surgical techniques, the successful neck contracture treatment in pediatric patients remains a challenge for surgeons. Eleven children (aged 5 to 14 years) with postburn neck anterior contractures were studied to develop a new approach for reconstruction that would employ the use of local scar-fascial flaps. The new approach and technique for postburn pediatric contracture treatment was developed which is especially effective in the treatment of children who cannot undergo complex and long surgical procedures that are aimed at both contracture elimination and neck skin restoration. The technique consists of two trapezoid scar-fascial flaps mobilization which includes all the anterior neck surfaces and consists of scars, fat layer, platysma, and deep cervical fascia. Counter transposition of flaps with tension elongated neck anterior surface was 100 to 200%. The contracture was fully eliminated, and neck contours, mentocervical angle, and head movement were restored. In case of severe contracture, residual wound in submandibular region and above clavicles were skin-grafted. The full range of head motion (functional results) was achieved in all the 11 patients. The flaps continued to grow and the skin grafts shrinkage was moderate. Local trapeze-flap plasty allows neck contracture elimination in children in the cases when a more complex technique is impossible or undesirable to use. Early surgical intervention prevents secondary complications, allotting enough time for patients to mature and be ready for more complex procedures.

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Accession: 058580161

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PMID: 25522154

DOI: 10.1097/bcr.0000000000000118

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