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Prepubertal testicular tumours: Should testicular-sparing surgery be considered? A single-institution experience and review of the literature

Prepubertal testicular tumours: Should testicular-sparing surgery be considered? A single-institution experience and review of the literature

Arab Journal of Urology 12(2): 130-136

To review our 10-year experience with uncommon testicular tumours in children (prepubertal testicular and paratesticular), to review previous reports, and to determine the appropriate management of these rare tumours, specifically the role of testicular-sparing surgery. We retrospectively reviewed all cases of testicular tumours managed at our institution between 1999 and 2009. Boys aged <16 years were included in the study. The patients' characteristics, presentation, the diagnostic tools, tumour markers, mode of treatment, pathological findings and outcome were assessed. We reviewed previous reports that addressed testicular and paratesticular tumours in prepubertal boys, using a Medline/PubMed search. From 80 patients, 13 boys (median age 8.7 years) presented with testicular tumours (16%) and were included in the study. Two boys presented with precocious puberty and one with gynaecomastia. The level of α-fetoprotein was high in three boys, and the human chorionic gonadotrophin level was elevated in one, and both markers were high in one. Testicular-sparing surgery was performed in three boys. Six of the 13 tumours were malignant and seven were benign. None of the patients developed a recurrence or testicular atrophy after testicular-sparing surgery. From the review of previous reports we devised an evidence-based algorithm for managing prepubertal testicular tumours. Paediatric testicular tumours are rare but they require an inguinal approach for either orchidectomy or testicular-sparing surgery; we recommend the latter option as long as frozen sections are analysed and a safety margin is maintained.

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Accession: 058609788

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PMID: 26019937

DOI: 10.1016/j.aju.2013.11.003

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