+ Site Statistics
References:
54,258,434
Abstracts:
29,560,870
PMIDs:
28,072,757
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Prepupal building behavior in Drosophila melanogaster and its evolution under resource and time constraints



Prepupal building behavior in Drosophila melanogaster and its evolution under resource and time constraints



Plos One 10(2): E0117280



Structures built by animals are a widespread and ecologically important 'extended phenotype'. While its taxonomic diversity has been well described, factors affecting short-term evolution of building behavior within a species have received little experimental attention. Here we describe how, given the opportunity, wandering Drosophila melanogaster larvae often build long tunnels in agar substrates and embed their pupae within them. These embedded larvae are characterized by a longer egg-to-pupariation developmental time than larvae that pupate on the surface. Assuming that such building behaviors are likely to be energetically costly and/or time consuming, we hypothesized that they should evolve to be less pronounced under resource or time limitation. In accord with this prediction, larvae from populations evolved for 160 generations under a regime that combines larval malnutrition with limited developmental time dug shorter tunnels than larvae from control unselected populations. However, the proportion of larvae that embedded before pupation did not differ between the malnutrition-adapted and control populations, suggesting that tunnel length and likelihood of embedding before pupation are controlled by different genetic loci. The behaviors exhibited by wandering larvae of Drosophila melanogaster prior to pupation offer a model system to study evolution of animal building behaviors because the tunneling and embedding phenotypes are simple, facultative and highly variable.

(PDF emailed within 1 workday: $29.90)

Accession: 058609803

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 25671711


Related references

Effects of cadmium on development time and prepupal puffing pattern of Drosophila melanogaster. Hereditas 75(2): 273-277, 1973

The prepupal salivary glands of Drosophila melanogaster. Biochemical Genetics 15(5-6): 563-573, 1977

Prepupal larval mosaics in Drosophila melanogaster. Nature 262(5564): 136-138, 1976

Temperature Characteristics for Prepupal Development in Drosophila Melanogaster. Journal of General Physiology 9(4): 467-495, 1926

Resource acquisition and the evolution of stress resistance in Drosophila melanogaster. Evolution 52(5): 1342-1352, 1998

A role for juvenile hormone in the prepupal development of Drosophila melanogaster. Development 137(7): 1117-1126, 2010

The effect of learning on experimental evolution of resource preference in Drosophila melanogaster. Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution 58(4): 757-767, 2004

Evolution of DNA in heterochromatin: The Drosophila melanogaster sibling species subgroup as a resource. Genetica (Dordrecht) 109(1-2): 125-130, 2000

Evolution of DNA in heterochromatin: the Drosophila melanogaster sibling species subgroup as a resource. Genetica 109(1-2): 125-130, 2001

Vacuole dynamics in the salivary glands of Drosophila melanogaster during prepupal development. Development, Growth and Differentiation 57(1): 74-96, 2015

The control of prepupal puffing patterns in vitro; implications for prepupal ecdysone titres in Drosophilia melanogaster. Developmental Biology 48(1): 191-195, 1976

Sequential gene activation by ecdysone in polytene chromosomes of Drosophila melanogaster. IV. The mid prepupal period. Developmental Biology 54(2): 256-263, 1976

DNA replication in salivary gland nuclei of Drosophila melanogaster at successive larval and prepupal stages. Genetics 55(3): 375-386, 1967

Visualization of transcriptional activity in drosophila melanogaster white prepupal salivary gland chromatin. Journal of Cell Biology 99(4 PART 2): 139A, 1984