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Prevalence and Correlates of HIV Infection Among Sex Workers in Papua new Guinea: first Results from the Papua new Guinea and Australia Sexual Health Improvement Project (PASHIP)

Prevalence and Correlates of HIV Infection Among Sex Workers in Papua new Guinea: first Results from the Papua new Guinea and Australia Sexual Health Improvement Project (PASHIP)

Aids and Behavior 19(12): 2194-2203

ISSN/ISBN: 1090-7165

PMID: 26016470

DOI: 10.1007/s10461-015-1096-9

The primary objective of this study was to estimate the individual and combined impacts of socio-demographic and sexual behaviours on HIV diagnosis among 523 female sex workers who participated in the Papua New Guinea and Australia Sexual Health Improvement Project. Logistic regression models were used to identify the factors associated with HIV positivity. We estimated their population level impacts in order to quantify the proportion of HIV seropositivity is attributed to these factors. Less than 40 % of women consented to get tested for HIV. HIV prevalence was 7 % (95 % CI 4-11 %); lack of education and knowledge/awareness of HIV accounted for ~70 % of the HIV diagnoses. A major obstacle is lack of interest for testing. Our study underscored the major challenges in this culturally, linguistically heterogeneous country. The epidemic in Papua New Guinea requires targeted prevention interventions among those at highest risk of acquiring or transmitting infection.

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Accession: 058613230

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