+ Site Statistics
References:
54,258,434
Abstracts:
29,560,870
PMIDs:
28,072,757
+ Search Articles
+ PDF Full Text Service
How our service works
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Prevalence and causes of blindness and diabetic retinopathy in Southern Saudi Arabia



Prevalence and causes of blindness and diabetic retinopathy in Southern Saudi Arabia



Saudi Medical Journal 36(4): 449-455



To determine the prevalence and causes of blindness and diabetic retinopathy (DR) in Jazan district, Southern Saudi Arabia. Using the standardized Rapid Assessment for Avoidable Blindness (RAAB) and DR cross-sectional methodology, 3800 subjects were randomly selected from the population of ≥50 years of age in Jazan, Saudi Arabia between November 2011 and January 2012. Participants underwent screening comprised of interview, random blood glucose test, and ophthalmic assessment including visual acuity (VA) and fundus examination. Among participants with VA less than 6/18 in either eye, the cause(s) of visual impairment was determined. Participants were classified as diabetic if they had previous diagnoses of diabetes, or random blood glucose more than 200 mg/dl. Diabetic participants were assessed for DR using dilated fundus examination. All data were recorded using the RAAB + DR standardized forms. The prevalence of bilateral blindness less than 3/60 was 3.3% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.74 - 3.90). Cataract was the leading cause of blindness (58.6%); followed by posterior segment diseases (20%), which included DR (7; 3.3%). The prevalence of diabetes mellitus (DM) was 22.4%, (95% CI: 21.09 - 23.79]), among them; 27.8% had DR. The prevalence of sight-threatening DR was 5.7%. The prevalence of DM and the corresponding proportion of DR in this region is lower than that reported in other regions of Saudi Arabia. However, the prevalence of blindness not related to DR is relatively higher than the other studies.

Please choose payment method:






(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 058613888

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 25828282

DOI: 10.15537/smj.2015.4.10371


Related references

Rapid assessment of avoidable blindness and diabetic retinopathy in Taif, Saudi Arabia. British Journal of Ophthalmology 96(9): 1168-1172, 2012

Prevalence and determinants of diabetic retinopathy in Al hasa region of saudi arabia: primary health care centre based cross-sectional survey, 2007-2009. Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology 17(3): 257-263, 2010

Awareness, knowledge, and practices related to diabetic retinopathy among diabetic patients in primary healthcare centers at Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care 8(2): 373-377, 2019

Prevalence and causes of visual impairment and blindness in the South Western region of Saudi Arabia. International Ophthalmology 17(3): 161-165, 1993

Awareness of diabetic retinopathy among people with diabetes in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Therapeutic Advances in Endocrinology and Metabolism 9(4): 103-112, 2018

Diabetic retinopathy and the associated risk factors in diabetes type 2 patients in Abha, Saudi Arabia. Journal of Family and Community Medicine 23(1): 18-24, 2016

Retinopathy and risk factors in diabetic patients from Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Clinical Ophthalmology 6: 269-276, 2012

Prevalence of blindness and diabetic retinopathy in northern Jordan. European Journal of Ophthalmology 25(4): 320-327, 2015

Diabetic retinopathy: Knowledge, awareness and practices of physicians in primary-care centers in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology 31(1): 2-6, 2017

Prevalence of Diabetic Retinopathy and Blindness in Indonesian Adults With Type 2 Diabetes. American Journal of Ophthalmology 181: 79-87, 2017

Knowledge, Awareness, and Eye Care-Seeking Behavior in Diabetic Retinopathy: A Cross-Sectional Study in Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Ophthalmology and Therapy 7(2): 377-385, 2018

Estimating the Prevalence of Blindness from Diabetic Retinopathy an Application of Capture-recapture Methodology. ARVO Annual Meeting Abstract Search & Program Planner : Abstract No 4383, 2002

Prevalence of malocclusion among school children of Southern Saudi Arabia. Journal of Orthodontic Science 8: 2, 2019

Prevalence of glaucoma types and legal blindness from glaucoma in the western region of Saudi Arabia: a hospital-based study. International Ophthalmology 29(6): 477-483, 2008

Magnitude and determinants of diabetic retinopathy among persons with diabetes registered at employee health department of a tertiary Eye Hospital of central Saudi Arabia. Oman Journal of Ophthalmology 8(3): 162-165, 2016