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Prevalence of periodontal disease and characterization of its extent and severity in an adult population - an observational study



Prevalence of periodontal disease and characterization of its extent and severity in an adult population - an observational study



Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research 8(12): Zc04-Zc07



Present study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of periodontal disease in an adult population and to further characterize the extent and severity of the disease. The study population consisted of 700 randomly selected individuals reporting to out patient department of dental college and hospital. Demographic details and lifestyle characteristics of the all the subjects were recorded and a thorough oral examination was performed. In order to evaluate the periodontal status of subjects, five indices (CAL, PD, OHI, PI and GI) were assessed and subjects having at least one site with clinical attachment loss (CAL) ≥3mm were diagnosed as having periodontitis. Further, to analyse the extent of disease, subjects having periodontitis were divided into two groups as having at least one site with CAL ≥5mm and having at least three sites with CAL ≥5mm. RESULTS showed that there was a high prevalence of periodontitis amongst population with almost 72% of the individuals having at least one site with CAL ≥3mm. A trend was noted in which periodontal status worsened as the age increased. Analysing the extent and severity of disease amongst the population, results revealed that almost 41% of population had at least one site with CAL ≥5mm whereas almost 21% of individuals had at least three sites with CAL ≥5mm. Present study provides with evidence of high prevalence of periodontal disease amongst the population. Importantly, this study also unveils the lack of awareness for dental health amidst the population.

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Accession: 058618997

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 25654019

DOI: 10.7860/JCDR/2014/8684.5231


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