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Prevalence of virulence factors and phylogenetic characterization of uropathogenic Escherichia coli causing urinary tract infection in patients with and without diabetes mellitus



Prevalence of virulence factors and phylogenetic characterization of uropathogenic Escherichia coli causing urinary tract infection in patients with and without diabetes mellitus



Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 109(12): 769-774



We aimed to determine the virulence factor profile and phylogenetic grouping of uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) causing urinary tract infection (UTI) in patients with and without diabetes mellitus (DM). A total of 280 UPEC were collected from the urine samples of patients with DM (n=126) and patients suffering from non-DM UTIs (n=154). All isolates were subjected to phenotypic and genotypic virulence factor profile and phylogenetic grouping. There was no significant difference in phenotypic virulence factors of UPEC causing UTI from patients with and without DM; alpha-haemolysin (DM=52, 41.2%; non-DM=69, 44.8%), mannose resistant haemagglutination (DM=6, 36.2%; non-DM=64, 41.5%), biofilm production (DM=33.3%; non-DM=25.9%), serum resistance (DM=27, 21.4%; non-DM=46, 29.8%), cell surface hydrophobicity (DM=22, 17.1%; non-DM=18, 11.6%) and mannose sensitive hemagglutnation (DM=18, 14.2%; non-DM=29, 18.8%). Among the genotypic virulence markers, papC gene was most prevalent in both patients with DM (n=65, 51.6%) and without DM (n=88, 57.1%), followed by hlyD gene (DM=36, 28.6%; non-DM=52, 33.8%). Only cnf-1 gene was observed to be significantly associated (p<0.05) with the non-DM status (n=35, 22.7%) than DM (n=15, 11.9%). Irrespective of the diabetic status, majority of the UPEC isolates (approximately 50%) belonged to phylogenetic group B2 predominantly harboring the virulence genes papC, hlyD and cnf-1. This study demonstrates that there may not be a differential selection of virulence properties of UPEC causing UTI in patients with DM and in the general population.

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Accession: 058619676

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 26567223

DOI: 10.1093/trstmh/trv086


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