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Prognostic value of pre-operative serum uric acid levels in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma patients who undergo R0 esophagectomy



Prognostic value of pre-operative serum uric acid levels in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma patients who undergo R0 esophagectomy



Cancer Biomarkers 17(1): 89-96



The serum uric acid (SUA) is the end-product from the metabolic breakdown of purine nucleotides. It has been considered to be a prognostic factor for malignant tumor in several researches. However, its prognostic value in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) has not been elucidated. We retrospectively reviewed the records of 209 ESCC patients who underwent R0 esophagectomy. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to determine the optimal cut-off value for pre-operative SUA levels and to divide the ESCC patients into two groups. Furthermore, we analyzed the pre-operative serum uric acid (SUA) levels and its relationship with the clinicopathological parameters and the prognosis of 209 ESCC patients. Optimal cut-off value for pre-operative SUA in ROC analysis was 304.5 μ mol/l (sensitivity 67.46%, specificity 65.06%). SUA low- or high-levels were associated with gender (P< 0.001), smoking status (P< 0.001), pN statues (P= 0.003) and TNM stage (P= 0.010). SUA levels, tumor differentiation and pTNM stage were independent predictors of ESCC patient survival in a multivariate analysis. The pre-operative level of SUA is an independent prognostic predictor in ESCC patients who undergo R0 esophagectomy and patients with higher SUA level may have an unfavorable survival probability.

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Accession: 058637955

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PMID: 27314297

DOI: 10.3233/CBM-160621


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