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Proteomic analysis of soybean root including hypocotyl during recovery from drought stress



Proteomic analysis of soybean root including hypocotyl during recovery from drought stress



Journal of Proteomics 144: 39-50



Soybean is a nutritionally important crop that exhibits reductions in growth and yield under drought stress. To investigate soybean responses during post-drought recovery, a gel-free proteomic technique was used. Two-day-old soybeans were treated with drought stress for 4days and recovered for 4days. Root including hypocotyl was collected during the drought treatment and recovery stage. Seedling growth was suppressed by drought stress, but recovered following stress removal. The malondialdehyde content increased under drought stress, but decreased during the recovery stage. A total of 792 and 888 proteins were identified from the control and recovering seedlings, respectively. The identified proteins were related to functional categories of stress, hormone metabolism, cell wall, secondary metabolism, and fermentation. Cluster analysis indicated that abundances of peroxidase and aldehyde dehydrogenase were highly changed in the seedlings during the post-drought recovery. The activity of peroxidase decreased under drought conditions, but increased during recovery. In contrast, the activity of aldehyde dehydrogenase was increased in response to drought stress, but decreased during the recovery stage. These results suggest that peroxidase and aldehyde dehydrogenase play key roles in post-drought recovery in soybean by scavenging toxic reactive oxygen species and reducing the load of harmful aldehydes. Post-drought recovery response mechanisms in soybean root including hypocotyl were analyzed using gel-free proteomic technique. A total of 643 common proteins between control and drought-stressed soybeans changed significantly in abundance over time. The proteins that changed during post-drought recovery were assigned to protein, stress, hormone metabolism, secondary metabolism, cell wall, redox, and glycolysis categories. The analysis revealed that peroxidase and aldehyde dehydrogenase were increased in protein abundance under drought stress. The enzyme activity of peroxidase decreased under drought but increased during recovery. The activity of aldehyde dehydrogenase was increased under drought stress but decreased during recovery stage. Peroxidase and aldehyde dehydrogenase reduce the toxic reactive oxygen species and aldehydes from the plant, respectively, and help to recover from drought stress. The study provides information about post-drought recovery mechanism in soybean.

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Accession: 058653153

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 27292084

DOI: 10.1016/j.jprot.2016.06.006


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