+ Site Statistics
References:
54,258,434
Abstracts:
29,560,870
PMIDs:
28,072,757
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Public Parks and Wellbeing in Urban Areas of the United States



Public Parks and Wellbeing in Urban Areas of the United States



Plos One 11(4): E0153211



Sustainable development efforts in urban areas often focus on understanding and managing factors that influence all aspects of health and wellbeing. Research has shown that public parks and green space provide a variety of physical, psychological, and social benefits to urban residents, but few studies have examined the influence of parks on comprehensive measures of subjective wellbeing at the city level. Using 2014 data from 44 U.S. cities, we evaluated the relationship between urban park quantity, quality, and accessibility and aggregate self-reported scores on the Gallup-Healthways Wellbeing Index (WBI), which considers five different domains of wellbeing (e.g., physical, community, social, financial, and purpose). In addition to park-related variables, our best-fitting OLS regression models selected using an information theory approach controlled for a variety of other typical geographic and socio-demographic correlates of wellbeing. Park quantity (measured as the percentage of city area covered by public parks) was among the strongest predictors of overall wellbeing, and the strength of this relationship appeared to be driven by parks' contributions to physical and community wellbeing. Park quality (measured as per capita spending on parks) and accessibility (measured as the overall percentage of a city's population within ½ mile of parks) were also positively associated with wellbeing, though these relationships were not significant. Results suggest that expansive park networks are linked to multiple aspects of health and wellbeing in cities and positively impact urban quality of life.

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 058661279

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 27054887

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0153211


Related references

Isolation of Salmonella enterica and Shiga-toxigenic Escherichia coli O157 from feces of animals in public contact areas of United States zoological parks. Applied and Environmental Microbiology 73(1): 362-365, 2006

The role of the proximate principle in the emergence of urban parks in the United Kingdom and in the United States. Leisure Studies 26(2): 213-234, 2007

Green areas and public health: improving wellbeing and physical activity in the urban context. Epidemiologia E Prevenzione 39(4 Suppl 1): 8-13, 2017

Visitor management policy of national parks, national wildlife areas and refuges in Canada and the United States: a policy analysis of public documents. Leisure/Loisir 31(2): 475-499, 2007

An analysis of the characteristics and distribution of urban public parks: a basis for determining the nature and level of services provided by parks to urban populations. Dissertation Abstracts International, A 40(4): p. 2264, 1979

Urban parks and recreation in the United States, 1970-79: a bibliography. Public Administration Series, Vance Bibliographies, USA (P-864): 30, 1981

Influence of Asian and Western United States urban areas and fires on the atmospheric transport of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls, and fluorotelomer alcohols in the Western United States. Environmental Science & Technology 42(17): 6385-6391, 2008

Valuing shifts in the distribution of visibility in national parks and wilderness areas in the United States. Journal of Environmental Management 173: 10-22, 2016

A comparative flora of large urban parks: intraurban and interurban similarity in the megalopolis of the northeastern United States. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 133(4): 601-625, 2006

Mortality differentials between rural and urban areas of states in the Northeastern United States 1890-1900. Journal of Historical Geography 6(2): 179-202, 1980

Connectivity of core habitat in the Northeastern United States Parks and protected areas in a landscape context. Remote Sensing of Environment 113(7): 1421-1429, 2009

Testimony of John B. Crowell, Jr., Assistant Secretary for Natural Resources and Environment, U.S. Department of Agriculture before the Subcommittee on Public Lands and National Parks Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs, United States House of Representatives, January 28, 1982 Views on H.R. 5161, a bill that would designate three new wilderness areas on the Monongahela National Forest, West Virginia. Major news releases and speeches United States Department of Agriculture Office of Governmental and Public Affairs: 29, 14-19, 1982

Spatial variability of PM2.5 in urban areas in the United States. Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association 54(4): 440-449, 2004

Assessment of fiscal status and financial trends in public parks and recreation agencies in medium-sized communities of southeastern United States. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration 15(1): 1-15, 1997