+ Site Statistics
References:
54,258,434
Abstracts:
29,560,870
PMIDs:
28,072,757
+ Search Articles
+ Subscribe to Site Feeds
Most Shared
PDF Full Text
+ PDF Full Text
Request PDF Full Text
+ Follow Us
Follow on Facebook
Follow on Twitter
Follow on LinkedIn
+ Translate
+ Recently Requested

Putting phenomenology in its place: some limits of a phenomenology of medicine



Putting phenomenology in its place: some limits of a phenomenology of medicine



Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 36(6): 391-410



Several philosophers have recently argued that phenomenology is well-suited to help understand the concepts of health, disease, and illness. The general claim is that by better analysing how illness appears to or is experienced by ill individuals--incorporating the first-person perspective--some limitations of what is seen as the currently dominant third-person or 'naturalistic' approaches to understand health and disease can be overcome. In this article, after discussing some of the main insights and benefits of the phenomenological approach, I develop three general critiques of it. First, I show that what is often referred to as naturalism tends to be misunderstood and/or misrepresented, resulting in straw-man arguments. Second, the concept of normality is often problematically employed such that some aspects of naturalism are actually presupposed by many phenomenologists of medicine. Third, several of the key phenomenological insights and concepts, e.g. having vs. being a body, the alienation of illness, the epistemic role of the first-person perspective, and the idea of health within illness, each bring with them new problems that limit their utility. While acknowledging the possible contributions of phenomenology, these criticisms point to some severe limitations of bringing phenomenological insights to bear on the problems facing philosophy of medicine that should be addressed if phenomenology is to add anything substantially new to its debates.

(PDF emailed within 0-6 h: $19.90)

Accession: 058666455

Download citation: RISBibTeXText

PMID: 26576964

DOI: 10.1007/s11017-015-9345-5


Related references

Putting Ourselves into the Place of Others: Toward a Phenomenology of Imaginary Self Transposal. Human Studies 3(2): 169-173, 1980

Phenomenology and hermeneutic phenomenology: the philosophy, the methodologies, and using hermeneutic phenomenology to investigate lecturers experiences of curriculum design. Quality & Quantity 48(3): 1291-1303, 2014

Phenomenology and the Human Sciences in Japan || "The Hermeneutic Turn" in Husserl's Phenomenology of Language. Human Studies 15(1): 117-128, 1992

Symposium. Psychoanalytic phenomenology: the work of Stolorow and Atwood. III. Psychoanalysis and phenomenology: a new synthesis. Psychoanalytic Review 73(3): 273-299, 1986

Theme issue on phenomenology and psychiatry for the 21st century. Taking phenomenology seriously. Schizophrenia Bulletin 33(1): 105-107, 2006

Phenomenology as research method or substantive metaphysics? An overview of phenomenology's uses in nursing. Nursing Philosophy 11(4): 286-296, 2011

On "being inspired" by Husserl's Phenomenology: reflections on Omery's exposition of phenomenology as a method of nursing research. Ans. Advances in Nursing Science 21(1): 16-28, 1998

Knowing and doing phenomenology: the implications of the critique of 'nursing phenomenology' for a phenomenological inquiry: a discussion paper. International Journal of Nursing Studies 42(6): 695-704, 2005

Phenomenology without phenomena: a discussion of the use of phenomenology to examine expertise in long-term care of elderly patients. Journal of Advanced Nursing 19(2): 336-341, 1994

Phenomenology and Phenomenalism: Ernst Mach and the Genesis of Husserls phenomenology. Axiomathes 22(1): 53-74, 2012

The Phenomenology of "Doing" Phenomenology: The Experience of Teaching and Learning Together. Human Studies 18(4): 371-388, 1995

On the phenomenology of juvenile sexual delinquency and on the phenomenology of juvenile sexual delinquents - child-neuropsychiatric aspects of prevention of deviating sexual behaviour. Juvenile sexual delinquency:introduction to the problems, phenomenology. Arztliche Jugendkunde 69(3): 165-172, 1978

On the phenomenology of juvenile sexual delinquency and on the phenomenology of juvenile sexual deliquents--child-neuropsychiatric aspects of prevention of deviating sexual behavior. Phenomenology of adolescent sexual delinquency from a social and medical point of view. Prevention of deviant sexual behaviour. Arztliche Jugendkunde 69(4): 245-255, 1978

Toward a phenomenology of recreation place. Journal of Environmental Psychology 12(1): 57-63, 1992

Phenomenology. Its place in schizophrenia research. British Journal of Psychiatry 161: 293-297, 1992